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  • Inhibition of Cytosolic Phospholipase A2α Induces Apoptosis in Multiple Myeloma Cells.

Inhibition of Cytosolic Phospholipase A2α Induces Apoptosis in Multiple Myeloma Cells.

Molecules (Basel, Switzerland) (2021-12-25)
Nur Mahammad, Felicity J Ashcroft, Astrid J Feuerherm, Samah Elsaadi, Esten N Vandsemb, Magne Børset, Berit Johansen
ABSTRACT

Cytosolic phospholipase A2α (cPLA2α) is the rate-limiting enzyme in releasing arachidonic acid and biosynthesis of its derivative eicosanoids. Thus, the catalytic activity of cPLA2α plays an important role in cellular metabolism in healthy as well as cancer cells. There is mounting evidence suggesting that cPLA2α is an interesting target for cancer treatment; however, it is unclear which cancers are most relevant for further investigation. Here we report the relative expression of cPLA2α in a variety of cancers and cancer cell lines using publicly available datasets. The profiling of a panel of cancer cell lines representing different tissue origins suggests that hematological malignancies are particularly sensitive to the growth inhibitory effect of cPLA2α inhibition. Several hematological cancers and cancer cell lines overexpressed cPLA2α, including multiple myeloma. Multiple myeloma is an incurable hematological cancer of plasma cells in the bone marrow with an emerging requirement of therapeutic approaches. We show here that two cPLA2α inhibitors AVX420 and AVX002, significantly and dose-dependently reduced the viability of multiple myeloma cells and induced apoptosis in vitro. Our findings implicate cPLA2α activity in the survival of multiple myeloma cells and support further studies into cPLA2α as a potential target for treating hematological cancers, including multiple myeloma.

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Interleukin-6 human, Animal-component free, recombinant, expressed in E. coli, suitable for cell culture