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  • QTL mapping: an innovative method for investigating the genetic determinism of yeast-bacteria interactions in wine.

QTL mapping: an innovative method for investigating the genetic determinism of yeast-bacteria interactions in wine.

Applied microbiology and biotechnology (2021-06-10)
Louise Bartle, Emilien Peltier, Joanna F Sundstrom, Krista Sumby, James G Mitchell, Vladimir Jiranek, Philippe Marullo
ABSTRACT

The two most commonly used wine microorganisms, Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast and Oenococcus oeni bacteria, are responsible for completion of alcoholic and malolactic fermentation (MLF), respectively. For successful co-inoculation, S. cerevisiae and O. oeni must be able to complete fermentation; however, this relies on compatibility between yeast and bacterial strains. For the first time, quantitative trait loci (QTL) analysis was used to elucidate whether S. cerevisiae genetic makeup can play a role in the ability of O. oeni to complete MLF. Assessment of 67 progeny from a hybrid S. cerevisiae strain (SBxGN), co-inoculated with a single O. oeni strain, SB3, revealed a major QTL linked to MLF completion by O. oeni. This QTL encompassed a well-known translocation, XV-t-XVI, that results in increased SSU1 expression and is functionally linked with numerous phenotypes including lag phase duration and sulphite export and production. A reciprocal hemizygosity assay was performed to elucidate the effect of the gene SSU1 in the SBxGN background. Our results revealed a strong effect of SSU1 haploinsufficiency on O. oeni's ability to complete malolactic fermentation during co-inoculation and pave the way for the implementation of QTL mapping projects for deciphering the genetic bases of microbial interactions. KEY POINTS: • For the first time, QTL analysis has been used to study yeast-bacteria interactions. • A QTL encompassing a translocation, XV-t-XVI, was linked to MLF outcomes. • S. cerevisiae SSU1 haploinsufficiency positively impacted MLF by O. oeni.

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G 418 disulfate salt solution, 50 mg/mL in H2O, 0.1 μm filtered, BioReagent, suitable for cell culture