MilliporeSigma
  • Functionalization of electrospun TiO2 nanofibers with Pt nanoparticles and nanowires for catalytic applications.

Functionalization of electrospun TiO2 nanofibers with Pt nanoparticles and nanowires for catalytic applications.

Nano letters (2008-01-22)
Eric Formo, Eric Lee, Dean Campbell, Younan Xia
ABSTRACT

This paper reports a simple procedure for derivatizing the surface of anatase TiO2 nanofibers with Pt nanoparticles and then Pt nanowires. The nanofibers were prepared in the form of a nonwoven mat by electrospinning with a solution containing both poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) and titanium tetraisopropoxide, followed by calcination in air at 510 degrees C. The fiber mat was then immersed in a polyol reduction bath to coat the surface of anatase fibers with Pt nanoparticles of 2-5 nm in size with controllable density of coverage. Furthermore, the coated fibers could serve as a three-dimensional scaffold upon which Pt nanowires of roughly 7 nm in diameter could be grown at a high density and with a length up to 125 nm. The fiber membranes functionalized with Pt nanoparticles and nanowires are interesting for a number of catalytic applications. It was found to show excellent catalytic activity for the hydrogenation of azo bonds in methyl red, which could be operated in a continuous mode by passing the dye solution through the membrane at a flow rate of 0.5 mL/s.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Titanium(IV) oxide, nanowires, diam. × L ~100 nm × 10 μm
Sigma-Aldrich
Titanium(IV) oxide, nanowires, diam. × L ~10 nm × 10 μm