MilliporeSigma
  • E3 ubiquitin ligase NEDD4L negatively regulates inflammation by promoting ubiquitination of MEKK2.

E3 ubiquitin ligase NEDD4L negatively regulates inflammation by promoting ubiquitination of MEKK2.

EMBO reports (2022-09-27)
Hui Li, Ning Wang, Yu Jiang, Haofei Wang, Zengfeng Xin, Huazhang An, Hao Pan, Wangqian Ma, Ting Zhang, Xiaojian Wang, Wenlong Lin
ABSTRACT

Aberrant activation of inflammation signaling triggered by tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), interleukin-1 (IL-1), and interleukin-17 (IL-17) is associated with immunopathology. Here, we identify neural precursor cells expressed developmentally down-regulated gene 4-like (NEDD4L), a HECT type E3 ligase, as a common negative regulator of signaling induced by TNF-α, IL-1, and IL-17. NEDD4L modulates the degradation of mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase 2 (MEKK2) via constitutively and directly binding to MEKK2 and promotes its poly-ubiquitination. In interleukin-17 receptor (IL-17R) signaling, Nedd4l knockdown or deficiency enhances IL-17-induced p38 and NF-κB activation and the production of proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines in a MEKK2-dependent manner. We further show that IL-17-induced MEKK2 Ser520 phosphorylation is required not only for downstream p38 and NF-κB activation but also for NEDD4L-mediated MEKK2 degradation and the subsequent shutdown of IL-17R signaling. Importantly, Nedd4l-deficient mice show increased susceptibility to IL-17-induced inflammation and aggravated symptoms of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) in IL-17R signaling-dependent manner. These data suggest that NEDD4L acts as an inhibitor of IL-17R signaling, which ameliorates the pathogenesis of IL-17-mediated autoimmune diseases.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
MEKK2, active, GST tagged human, PRECISIO® Kinase, recombinant, expressed in baculovirus infected Sf9 cells, ≥70% (SDS-PAGE), buffered aqueous glycerol solution