• A Defucosylated Anti-EpCAM Monoclonal Antibody (EpMab-37-mG2a-f) Exerts Antitumor Activity in Xenograft Model.

A Defucosylated Anti-EpCAM Monoclonal Antibody (EpMab-37-mG2a-f) Exerts Antitumor Activity in Xenograft Model.

Antibodies (Basel, Switzerland) (2022-12-23)
Teizo Asano, Tomohiro Tanaka, Hiroyuki Suzuki, Guanjie Li, Tomokazu Ohishi, Manabu Kawada, Takeo Yoshikawa, Mika K Kaneko, Yukinari Kato

The epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM) is a stem cell and carcinoma antigen, which mediates cellular adhesion and proliferative signaling by the proteolytic cleavage. In contrast to low expression in normal epithelium, EpCAM is frequently overexpressed in various carcinomas, which correlates with poor prognosis. Therefore, EpCAM has been considered as a promising target for tumor diagnosis and therapy. Using the Cell-Based Immunization and Screening (CBIS) method, we previously established an anti-EpCAM monoclonal antibody (EpMab-37; mouse IgG1, kappa). In this study, we investigated the antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC), complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC), and an antitumor activity by a defucosylated mouse IgG2a-type of EpMab-37 (EpMab-37-mG2a-f) against a breast cancer cell line (BT-474) and a pancreatic cancer cell line (Capan-2), both of which express EpCAM. EpMab-37-mG2a-f recognized BT-474 and Capan-2 cells with a moderate binding-affinity [apparent dissociation constant (KD): 2.9 × 10-8 M and 1.8 × 10-8 M, respectively] by flow cytometry. EpMab-37-mG2a-f exhibited ADCC and CDC for both cells by murine splenocytes and complements, respectively. Furthermore, administration of EpMab-37-mG2a-f significantly suppressed the xenograft tumor development compared with the control mouse IgG. These results indicated that EpMab-37-mG2a-f exerts antitumor activities and could provide valuable therapeutic regimen for breast and pancreatic cancers.

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Product Description

IgG2a, Kappa from murine myeloma, clone UPC 10, ascites fluid, lyophilized powder