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  • Increased short circuit current in organic photovoltaic using high-surface area electrode based on ZnO nanowires decorated with CdTe quantum dots.

Increased short circuit current in organic photovoltaic using high-surface area electrode based on ZnO nanowires decorated with CdTe quantum dots.

Nanotechnology (2009-10-23)
R S Aga, D Gunther, A Ueda, Z Pan, W E Collins, R Mu, K D Singer
ABSTRACT

A photosensitized high-surface area transparent electrode has been employed to increase the short circuit current of a photovoltaic device with a blend of poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) and (6,6)-phenyl C61 butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) as the active layer. This is achieved by directly growing ZnO nanowires on indium tin oxide (ITO) film via a physical vapor method. The nanowire surface is then decorated with CdTe quantum dots by pulsed electron-beam deposition (PED). The nanowires alone provided a 20-fold increase in the short circuit current under visible light illumination. This was further increased by a factor of approximately 1.5 by the photosensitization effect of CdTe, which has an optical absorption of up to 820 nm.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
CdTe core-type quantum dots, COOH functionalized, fluorescence λem 570 nm, powder
Sigma-Aldrich
CdTe core-type quantum dots, COOH functionalized, fluorescence λem 610 nm, powder
Sigma-Aldrich
CdTe core-type quantum dots, COOH functionalized, fluorescence λem 520 nm, powder