- Diazacoronand linked beta-cyclodextrin dimer complexes of Brilliant Yellow tetraanion and their sodium(I) analogues.

# Diazacoronand linked beta-cyclodextrin dimer complexes of Brilliant Yellow tetraanion and their sodium(I) analogues.

Complexation of the Brilliant Yellow tetraanion, 3(4-), by two new diazacoronand linked beta-cyclodextrin (beta CD) dimers 4,13-bis(2-(6A-deoxy-beta-cyclodextrin-6A-yl)aminooctylamidomethyl- and 4,13-bis(8-(6A-deoxy-beta-cyclodextrin-6A-yl)aminooctylamidomethyl)-4,13- diaza-1,7,10-trioxacyclopentadecane, 1 and 2, respectively, has been studied in aqueous solution. UV-visible spectrophotometric studies at 298.2 K, pH 10.0 and I = 0.10 mol dm-3 (NEt4ClO4) yielded complexation constants for the complexes 1 x 3(4-) and 2 x 3(4-), K1 = (1.08 +/- 0.01) x 10(5) and (6.21 +/- 0.08) x 10(3) dm3 mol-1, respectively. Similar studies at 298.2 K, pH 10.0 and I = 0.10 mol dm-3 (NaClO4) yielded K3 = (4.63 +/- 0.09) x 10(5) and (3.38 +/- 0.05) x 10(4) dm3 mol-1 for the complexation of 3(4-) by Na+ x 1 and Na+ x 2 to give Na+ x 1 x 3(4-) and Na+ x 2 x 3(4-), respectively. Potentiometric studies of the complexation of Na+ by 1 and 2 by the diazacoronand component of the linkers to give Na+ x 1 and Na+ x 2 yielded K2 = (2.00 +/- 0.05) x 10(3) and (1.8 +/- 0.05) x 10(3) dm3 mol-1, respectively, at 298.2 K and I = 0.10 mol dm-3(NEt4ClO4). For complexation of Na+ by 1 x 3(4-) and 2 x 3(4-) to give Na+ x 1 x 3(4-) and Na+ x 2 x 3(4-) K2K3/K1 = K4 = 8.6 x 10(2) and 9.8 x 10(3) dm3 mol-1, respectively. The pKaS of 1H4(4+) are 7.63 +/- 0.01, 6.84 +/- 0.02, 5.51 +/- 0.04 and 4.98 +/- 0.03, and those of 2H4(4+) are 8.67 +/- 0.02, 8.11 +/- 0.02, 6.06 +/- 0.02 and 5.14 +/- 0.05. The larger magnitude of K1 for 1 by comparison with K1 for 2 is attributed to the octamethylene linkers of 2 competing with 3(4-) for occupancy of the annuli of the beta CD entities while the competitive ability of the dimethylene linkers of 1 is less. A similar argument applies to the relative magnitudes of K3 for Na+ x 1 and Na+ x 2. Increased electrostatic attraction probably accounts for K3 > K1 for Na+ x 1 x 3(4-) and 1 x 3(4-) and for Na+ x 2 x 3(4-) and 2 x 3(4-). The lesser magnitudes of K2 and K4 for Na+ x 1 and Na+ x 1 x 3(4-) compared with those for Na+ x 2 and Na+ x 2 x 3(4-) are attributed to the octamethylene linkers of 2 producing a more hydrophobic environment for the diazacoronand than that produced by the dimethylene linkers of 1. 1H NMR spectroscopic studies and the syntheses of 1 and 2 are described.