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  • Tuning of the size of Dy2O3 nanoparticles for optimal performance as an MRI contrast agent.

Tuning of the size of Dy2O3 nanoparticles for optimal performance as an MRI contrast agent.

Journal of the American Chemical Society (2008-03-22)
Małgorzata Norek, Erik Kampert, Uli Zeitler, Joop A Peters
ABSTRACT

The transverse 1H relaxivities of aqueous colloidal solutions of dextran coated Dy2O3 nanoparticles of different sizes were investigated at magnetic field strengths (B) between 7 and 17.6 T. The particle size with the maximum relaxivity (r2) appears to vary between 70 nm at 7 T (r2 approximately = 190 s(-1) mM(-1)) and 60 nm at 17.6 T (r2 approximately = 675 s(-1) mM(-1)). A small difference between r2 and r2* was observed, which was ascribed to the effect of the dextran coating. The value of r2 is proportional to B2 up to 12 T after which it saturates. Independent magnetization measurements on these particles at room temperature at magnetic field strengths up to 30 T, however, show a typical paramagnetic behavior with a magnetization of the particle that is proportional to the field strength. The saturation in the curve of r2 as a function of B2 was tentatively explained by the presence of an extremely fast relaxing component of the signal at high field strengths, which is not observable on the NMR time scale. The results of this study can be exploited for the rational design of MRI contrast agents, based on lanthanide oxide particles, with high efficiencies at magnetic field strengths of more than 1.5 T.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Dysprosium(III) oxide, nanopowder, <100 nm particle size, 99.9% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Dysprosium(III) oxide, 99.9% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Dysprosium(III) oxide, ≥99.99% trace metals basis