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  • Potassium bicarbonate attenuates the urinary nitrogen excretion that accompanies an increase in dietary protein and may promote calcium absorption.

Potassium bicarbonate attenuates the urinary nitrogen excretion that accompanies an increase in dietary protein and may promote calcium absorption.

The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism (2008-12-04)
Lisa Ceglia, Susan S Harris, Steven A Abrams, Helen M Rasmussen, Gerard E Dallal, Bess Dawson-Hughes
ABSTRACT

Protein is an essential component of muscle and bone. However, the acidic byproducts of protein metabolism may have a negative impact on the musculoskeletal system, particularly in older individuals with declining renal function. We sought to determine whether adding an alkaline salt, potassium bicarbonate (KHCO3), allows protein to have a more favorable net impact on intermediary indices of muscle and bone conservation than it does in the usual acidic environment. We conducted a 41-d randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study of KHCO3 or placebo with a 16-d phase-in and two successive 10-d metabolic diets containing low (0.5 g/kg) or high (1.5 g/kg) protein in random order with a 5-d washout between diets. The study was conducted in a metabolic research unit. Nineteen healthy subjects ages 54-82 yr participated. KHCO3 (up to 90 mmol/d) or placebo was administered for 41 d. We measured 24-h urinary nitrogen excretion, IGF-I, 24-h urinary calcium excretion, and fractional calcium absorption. KHCO3 reduced the rise in urinary nitrogen excretion that accompanied an increase in protein intake (P = 0.015) and was associated with higher IGF-I levels on the low-protein diet (P = 0.027) with a similar trend on the high-protein diet (P = 0.050). KHCO3 was also associated with higher fractional calcium absorption on the low-protein diet (P = 0.041) with a similar trend on the high-protein diet (P = 0.064). In older adults, KHCO3 attenuates the protein-induced rise in urinary nitrogen excretion, and this may be mediated by IGF-I. KHCO3 may also promote calcium absorption independent of the dietary protein content.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Potassium bicarbonate, BioUltra, ≥99.5% (T)
Sigma-Aldrich
Potassium bicarbonate, puriss., meets analytical specification of Ph. Eur., BP, USP, E501, 99.5-101.0% (acidimetric)
Sigma-Aldrich
Potassium bicarbonate, ACS reagent, 99.7%, powder, crystals or granules
Sigma-Aldrich
Potassium bicarbonate, ≥99.95% trace metals basis, 99.7-100.5% dry basis