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  • Analysis of the neutral polysaccharide fraction of MCP and its inhibitory activity on galectin-3.

Analysis of the neutral polysaccharide fraction of MCP and its inhibitory activity on galectin-3.

Glycoconjugate journal (2012-05-09)
Xiaoge Gao, Yuan Zhi, Tao Zhang, Huiting Xue, Xiao Wang, Anthony D Foday, Guihua Tai, Yifa Zhou
ABSTRACT

The pH-modified citrus pectin (MCP) has been demonstrated to inhibit galectin-3 in cancer progression. The components and structures of MCP related to this inhibition remained unknown. In this paper, we fractionated MCP on DEAE-cellulose column into a homogenous neutral fraction MCP-N (about 20 kDa) and a pectin mixture fraction MCP-A (wide molecular distribution on Sepharose CL-6B chromatography). Both MCP-N and MCP-A inhibited hemagglutination mediated by galectin-3 with minimum inhibition concentration (MIC) 625 and 0.5 μg/ml, respectively. MCP-N was identified to be a type I arabinogalactan (AG-I) with a main chain of β-1→4-galactan. MCP-N was digested by α-L-arabinofuranosidase to give its main chain structure fraction (M-galactan, around 18 kDa), which was more active than the original molecule, MIC 50 μg/ml. The acidic degradation of M-galactan increased the inhibitory activity, MIC about 5 times lower than M-galactan. These results above showed that the functional motif of the β-1→4-galactan fragment might lie in the terminal residues rather than in the internal region of the chain. Therefore, MCP-N and its degraded products might be developed to new potential galectin-3 inhibitors. This is the first report concerning the fractionation of MCP and its components on galectin-3 inhibition. The information provided in this paper is valuable for screening more active galectin-3 inhibitors from natural polysaccharides.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
(+)-Arabinogalactan, ≥80% (HPLC), from larch wood
Supelco
(+)-Arabinogalactan, for use with Total Dietary Fiber Control Kit, TDF-C10, from larch wood