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  • Migration kinetics and mechanisms of plasticizers, stabilizers at interfaces of NEPE propellant/HTPB liner/EDPM insulation.

Migration kinetics and mechanisms of plasticizers, stabilizers at interfaces of NEPE propellant/HTPB liner/EDPM insulation.

Journal of hazardous materials (2012-06-26)
Zhi-ping Huang, Hai-ying Nie, Yuan-yuan Zhang, Li-min Tan, Hua-li Yin, Xin-gang Ma
ABSTRACT

Migration appeared in the interfaces of nitrate ester plasticized polyether (NEPE) based propellant/hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene (HTPB) based liner/ethylene propylene terpolymer (EPDM) based insulation was studied by aging at different temperatures. The migration components were extracted with solvent and determined by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The migration occurred within 1mm to the interfaces, and the apparent migration activation energy (Ea) of nitroglycerin (NG), 1,2,4-butanetriol trinitrate (BTTN) and a kind of aniline stabilizer AD in propellant, liner and insulation was calculated respectively on the basis of HPLC data. The Ea values were among 15 and 50 kJ/mol, which were much less than chemical energy, and almost the same as hydrogen bond energy. The average diffusion coefficients were in the range of 10(-19)m(2)s(-1) to 10(-16)m(2)s(-1). It seemed the faster the migration rates, the smaller the apparent migration activation energy, the larger the diffusion coefficient and the less the amount of migration. It could be explained that the migration rate and energy were affected by the molecular volume of a mobile component and its diffusion property, and the amount of migration was resulted from the molecular polarity comparability of a mobile component to the based material.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Polybutadiene, cis, average Mw 200,000-300,000
Sigma-Aldrich
Polybutadiene, predominantly 1,2-addition, approx. 90% 1,2-vinyl
Sigma-Aldrich
Polybutadiene, average Mn ~5,000