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  • Simultaneous detection of multiple fish pathogens using a naked-eye readable DNA microarray.

Simultaneous detection of multiple fish pathogens using a naked-eye readable DNA microarray.

Sensors (Basel, Switzerland) (2012-06-28)
Chin-I Chang, Pei-Hsin Hung, Chia-Che Wu, Ta Chih Cheng, Jyh-Ming Tsai, King-Jung Lin, Chung-Yen Lin
ABSTRACT

We coupled 16S rDNA PCR and DNA hybridization technology to construct a microarray for simultaneous detection and discrimination of eight fish pathogens (Aeromonas hydrophila, Edwardsiella tarda, Flavobacterium columnare, Lactococcus garvieae, Photobacterium damselae, Pseudomonas anguilliseptica, Streptococcus iniae and Vibrio anguillarum) commonly encountered in aquaculture. The array comprised short oligonucleotide probes (30 mer) complementary to the polymorphic regions of 16S rRNA genes for the target pathogens. Targets annealed to the microarray probes were reacted with streptavidin-conjugated alkaline phosphatase and nitro blue tetrazolium/5-bromo-4-chloro-3'-indolylphosphate, p-toluidine salt (NBT/BCIP), resulting in blue spots that are easily visualized by the naked eye. Testing was performed against a total of 168 bacterial strains, i.e., 26 representative collection strains, 81 isolates of target fish pathogens, and 61 ecologically or phylogenetically related strains. The results showed that each probe consistently identified its corresponding target strain with 100% specificity. The detection limit of the microarray was estimated to be in the range of 1 pg for genomic DNA and 10(3) CFU/mL for pure pathogen cultures. These high specificity and sensitivity results demonstrate the feasibility of using DNA microarrays in the diagnostic detection of fish pathogens.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Tetrazolium Blue Chloride, used in colorimetric determination of reducing compounds
Sigma-Aldrich
Tetrazolium Blue Chloride, indicator for germination, suitable for microbiology, ≥90% (T)