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  • Tuning the adhesion of silica microparticles to a poly(2-vinyl pyridine) brush: an AFM force measurement study.

Tuning the adhesion of silica microparticles to a poly(2-vinyl pyridine) brush: an AFM force measurement study.

Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids (2012-10-13)
Astrid Drechsler, Alla Synytska, Petra Uhlmann, Manfred Stamm, Friedrich Kremer
ABSTRACT

AFM force measurements have been performed to study the influence of the pH value and salt concentration on the interactions between poly(2-vinyl pyridine) brushes and microsized silica spheres, focusing on attractive and adhesion forces. It was found that the interaction was composed of a repulsive component reflecting the conformation of the brush and an additional attractive force. It can therefore be switched reversibly between purely repulsive at pH 2.5 to strong and medium adhesion by changing the pH value to pH 4 and 6, respectively. Addition of KCl showed different effects: at pH 2.5 high salt concentrations induced an attractive force; at pH 4 the interaction changed from strong attraction in the osmotic brush regime to repulsion and weaker adhesion in the salted brush regime; at pH 6 increase of the KCl concentration weakened the attractive force. These effects could partly be explained by the theory of polyelectrolyte brushes; under some conditions the mechanism of the attractive force is still unclear.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Supelco
Poly(2-vinylpyridine), analytical standard, average Mw 159,000 (Typical), average Mn 152,000 (Typical)
Supelco
Poly(2-vinylpyridine), analytical standard, average Mw 37,500 (Typical), average Mn 35,000 (Typical)