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  • Thyroidal effects of di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate in rats of different selenium status.

Thyroidal effects of di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate in rats of different selenium status.

Journal of environmental pathology, toxicology and oncology : official organ of the International Society for Environmental Toxicology and Cancer (2012-12-12)
Pinar Erkekoglu, Belma Kocer Giray, Murat Kizilgun, Isabelle Hininger-Favier, Walid Rachidi, Anne-Marie Roussel, Alain Favier, Filiz Hincal
ABSTRACT

This study was designed to investigate the effects of di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) on thyroid hormone levels and oxidant/antioxidant parameters in the rat and to evaluate the effects of selenium status. Selenium deficiency was produced by feeding 3-week-old Sprague-Dawley rats with <0.05 mg selenium/kg body weight for 5 weeks, and the supplementation group received a diet of 1 mg selenium/kg body weight. DEHP-treated groups received the compound at a dose of 1000 mg/kg by gavage during the last 10 days of the feeding period. Levels of thyroid hormone levels as well as selenoenzyme (glutathione peroxidase 1, thioredoxin reductase), catalase, and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS) were measured. Total thyroxine (TT4) levels decreased significantly with DEHP exposure (~25%), whereas TT3 level was not altered. The TT4 lowering effect of DEHP exposure was not affected by selenium deficiency but was observed when animals exposed to DEHP received a selenium supplement. DEHP was found to alter the antioxidant status and induce oxidative stress in rat thyroid by increasing SOD activity (~30%) and TBARS levels (~35%). The effects of DEHP were much more pronounced in selenium-deficient rats, as evidenced by significant increases in SOD activity (~65%) and TBARS levels (~55%) compared with the control levels. Thus, these results show the thyroid-disrupting effect of DEHP in rats and protection by selenium.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Supelco
Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate, PESTANAL®, analytical standard
Supelco
Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate, Selectophore
Sigma-Aldrich
Dioctyl phthalate, ≥99.5%
Supelco
Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate solution, certified reference material, 2000 μg/mL in methanol
Supelco
Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate, certified reference material, TraceCERT®, Manufactured by: Sigma-Aldrich Production GmbH, Switzerland