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  • Hepatic contrast agents for computed tomography: high atomic number particulate material.

Hepatic contrast agents for computed tomography: high atomic number particulate material.

Journal of computer assisted tomography (1981-06-01)
S E Seltzer, D F Adams, M A Davis, S J Hessel, A Havron, P F Judy, A J Paskins-Hurlburt, N K Hollenberg
ABSTRACT

We used a stepwise approach to identify, design, synthesize, and test new high atomic number particulate contrast agents that would be especially well suited for use with computed tomography (CT). Our goal was to produce extremely radiopaque compounds with highly selective biodistribution to the normal liver. In this way, dose requirements could be lessened and toxicity minimized. Suspensions of cerium, gadolinium, and dysprosium oxide particles and silver iodide colloid were tested and compared with standard agents. All four experimental agents were selectively concentrated in the reticuloendothelial systems of rats and rabbits. These compounds produced greater and longer opacification of normal livers and larger liver-to-tumor differences in rabbits with hepatic tumors than did equivalent amounts of standard, iodinated agents. Lesions as small as 5 mm were visible with CT. These experimental materials have favorable characteristics as hepatic contrast agents, but their toxicity and long term retention may limit clinical use.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Dysprosium(III) oxide, 99.9% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Dysprosium(III) oxide, ≥99.99% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Dysprosium(III) oxide, nanopowder, <100 nm particle size, 99.9% trace metals basis