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  • Squalene-hopene cyclase: final deprotonation reaction, conformational analysis for the cyclization of (3R,S)-2,3-oxidosqualene and further evidence for the requirement of an isopropylidene moiety both for initiation of the polycyclization cascade and for the formation of the 5-membered E-ring.

Squalene-hopene cyclase: final deprotonation reaction, conformational analysis for the cyclization of (3R,S)-2,3-oxidosqualene and further evidence for the requirement of an isopropylidene moiety both for initiation of the polycyclization cascade and for the formation of the 5-membered E-ring.

Organic & biomolecular chemistry (2004-05-12)
Tsutomu Hoshino, Schin-ichi Nakano, Tomohiro Kondo, Tsutomu Sato, Aya Miyoshi
ABSTRACT

To provide insight into the polycyclization mechanism of squalene by squalene-hopene cyclase (SHC) from Alicyclobacilus acidocaldarius, some analogs of nor- and bisnorsqualenes were synthesized including the deuterium-labeled squalenes and incubated with the wild-type SHC, leading to the following inferences. (1) The deprotonation reaction for the introduction of the double bond of the hopene skeleton occurs exclusively from the Z-methyl group on the terminal double bond of squalene. (2) 3R-Oxidosqualene was folded in a boat conformation for the A-ring construction, while the 3S-form was in a chair structure. (3) The terminal two methyl groups are indispensable both for the formation of the 5-membered E-ring of the hopene skeleton and for the initiation of the polycyclization cascade, but the terminal Z-methyl group has a more crucial role for the construction of the 5-membered E-ring than the E-methyl group. (4) Some of the novel terpene skeletons, 36, 37, 39 and 40, were created from the analogs employed in this investigation.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Supelco
Hop-22(29)-ene solution, 0.1 mg/mL in isooctane, analytical standard