• Enzymatic genosensor on streptavidin-modified screen-printed carbon electrodes.

Enzymatic genosensor on streptavidin-modified screen-printed carbon electrodes.

Analytical chemistry (2004-12-02)
David Hernández-Santos, María Díaz-González, María Begoña González-García, Agustín Costa-García

Voltammetric enzyme genosensors on streptavidin-modified screen-printed carbon electrodes (SPCEs) for the detection of virulence nucleic acid determinants of pneumolysin and autolysin genes, exclusively present on the genome of the human pathogen Streptococcus pneumoniae, were described. Alkaline phosphatase (AP) and 3-indoxyl phosphate were used as the enzymatic label and substrate, respectively. The oligonucleotide probes were immobilized on electrochemically pretreated SPCEs through the streptavidin/biotin reaction. The adsorption of streptavidin was performed by deposition of a drop of a streptavidin solution overnight at 4 degrees C on the surface of the SPCEs. After the hybridization reaction with FITC-labeled complementary targets, the enzyme is captured using an anti-FITC antibody conjugated to AP. In nonstringent experimental conditions, these genosensors can detect 0.49 fmol of 20-mer oligonucleotide target and discriminate between a complementary oligo and an oligo with a three-base mismatch. In the presence of 25% formamide in the hybridization buffer, a single-base mismatch on the oligonucleotide target can be detected.

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Indoxyl phosphate disodium salt, crystalline