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OLIG2 as a specific marker of oligodendroglial tumour cells.

Lancet (London, England) (2001-08-11)
Y Marie, M Sanson, K Mokhtari, P Leuraud, M Kujas, J Y Delattre, J Poirier, B Zalc, K Hoang-Xuan
ABSTRACT

OLIG2 is a recently identified transcription factor involved in the specification of cells in the oligodendroglial lineage. We investigated the expression of OLIG2 by in-situ hybridisation in 21 brain tumours: nine grade II and III oligodendrogliomas, three grade II oligoastrocytomas, and nine non-oligodendroglial tumours (four grade IV astrocytomas, two meningiomas, a dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumour, and two metastases). OLIG2-positive cells corresponding to neoplastic oligodendrocytes were present in all oligodendrogliomas and oligoastrocytomas. By contrast, OLIG2 expression was not detected in the non-oligodendroglial tumours. Thus, oligodendroglioma probably arise from oligodendrocyte precursor cells. OLIG2 should prove a useful marker for the diagnosis of oligodendroglial tumours.