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  • Correlation of the rates of solvolysis of two arenesulfonyl chlorides and of trans-beta-styrenesulfonyl chloride - precursors in the development of new pharmaceuticals.

Correlation of the rates of solvolysis of two arenesulfonyl chlorides and of trans-beta-styrenesulfonyl chloride - precursors in the development of new pharmaceuticals.

International journal of molecular sciences (2009-03-31)
Zoon H Ryu, Sang W Lee, Malcolm J D'Souza, Lamia Yaakoubd, Samantha E Feld, Dennis N Kevill
ABSTRACT

Additional specific rates of solvolysis have been determined, mainly in fluoroalcohol containing solvents, for benzenesulfonyl chloride (1) and p-nitrobenzene-sulfonyl chloride (2). For trans-beta-styrenesulfonyl chloride (3), a study has been carried out in 43 pure and binary solvents, covering a wide range of hyroxylic solvent systems. For the specific rates of solvolyses of each of the three substrates, a good correlation was obtained over the full range of solvents when the extended Grunwald-Winstein equation was applied. The sensitivities to changes in solvent nucleophilicity and solvent ionizing power are similar to values determined earlier and an S(N)2 process is proposed. For 3, kinetic solvent isotope effects of 1.46 for k(H(2)O)/k(D(2)O) and 1.76 for k(MeOH)/k(MeOD) were determined. These are also compared to literature values for other sulfonyl chlorides.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
trans-β-Styrenesulfonyl chloride, 97%