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  • Correlations of Henry's Law Gas-Solid Virial Coefficients and Chromatographic Retention Times for Hydrocarbons and Halocarbons Adsorbed on Carbopack C Carbon.

Correlations of Henry's Law Gas-Solid Virial Coefficients and Chromatographic Retention Times for Hydrocarbons and Halocarbons Adsorbed on Carbopack C Carbon.

Journal of colloid and interface science (1999-11-07)
Rybolt, Logan, Milburn, Thomas, Waters
ABSTRACT

Second gas-solid virial coefficients were determined at 403.5 +/- 0.5 K for 6 adsorbates, including butane, chloroform, trichlorofluoromethane (Freon 11), bromochloromethane, 1-chloro-2-methylpropane, and dibromodifluoromethane. For another 11 adsorbates, including dichlorodifluoromethane (Freon 12), chlorodifluoromethane (Freon 22), methyl chloride, methylene chloride, propane, n-pentane, n-hexane, carbon tetrachloride, 1,2-dichloropropane, butyl chloride, and cyclohexane, B(2s) was measured over a range of temperatures between 308 and 494 K. These values were found using gas-solid chromatography with Carbopack C (Supelco Inc.), a graphitized carbon black powder, as the adsorbent. We find that both the ln B(2s) values and the gas-solid interaction energies are effectively correlated with adsorbate-calculated molar refractivity, r(2) = 0.947 and r(2) = 0.964, respectively. Dipole moment alone provides a nearly random correlation of ln B(2s) and, if used with molar refractivity, gives r(2) = 0.970 for the 17 hydrocarbon and alkyl halide (halocarbon) adsorbates. A theoretical equation was developed that predicts a quantitative structure retention relationship (QSRR) used to correlate ln B(2s) values with molar refractivity. B(2s) values are directly proportional to the retention times of the adsorbates. Using one-surface and two-surface models, a calculation of the surface area of the Carbopack C for each of the 17 adsorbates provided a check on the consistency of the analysis as the adsorbate was varied. Copyright 1999 Academic Press.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Supelco
Carbopack B, stainless steel TD tube, O.D. × L 1/4 × 3 1/2, unconditioned, pkg of 10 ea
Supelco
Carbopack B, glass TD tube, fritted, O.D. × L 1/4 in. × 3 1/2 in., unconditioned, pkg of 10 ea, matrix Carbopack
Supelco
Carbopack X, glass TD tube, fritted, O.D. × L 1/4 in. × 3 1/2 in., preconditioned, pkg of 10 ea
Supelco
Carbopack B, glass TD tube, fritted, O.D. × L 1/4 in. × 3 1/2 in., preconditioned, pkg of 10 ea
Supelco
Carbopack B, O.D. × L 1/4 in. × 3 1/2 in., glass TD tube, fritted, Sealed with Brass Endcaps, preconditioned, pkg of 10 ea
Supelco
FLM Carbopack X Deactivated Stainless Steel TD Tube, preconditioned, pkg of 10 tubes, O.D. × L 1/4 in. (6.35 mm) × 3 1/2 in. (89 mm)
Supelco
Carbopack Adsorbent, matrix Carbopack X, 120-400 mesh, bottle of 50 g
Supelco
Carbopack Adsorbent, matrix Carbopack X, 40-60 mesh, bottle of 10 g
Supelco
Carbopack Adsorbent, matrix Carbopack C, 60-80 mesh, bottle of 10 g
Supelco
Carbopack Adsorbent, matrix Carbopack X, 60-80 mesh, bottle of 10 g
Supelco
Carbopack Adsorbent, matrix Carbopack C, 80-100 mesh, bottle of 10 g
Supelco
Carbopack Adsorbent, matrix Carbopack B, 60-80 mesh, bottle of 10 g
Sigma-Aldrich
1-Chloro-2-methylpropane, 98%