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Association of thiocolchicine with tubulin.

Biochemical and biophysical research communications (1989-06-15)
R M Chabin, S B Hastie
ABSTRACT

Thiocolchicine, a colchicine analog in which the C-10 methoxy is replaced with a thiomethyl moiety, was shown to bind with high affinity to the colchicine site on tubulin (Ka = 1.07 +/- 0.14 x 10(6) M-1 at 23 degrees C). Like colchicine, the association kinetics were biphasic, and the rate constants of both phases were temperature dependent. The rate constant of the fast phase of the association was 4 times greater than the rate constant for colchicine binding, and the activation energy was lower (19.1 +/- 1.8 kcal/mol). X-ray crystallographic analysis shows that thiocolchicine displays greater puckering of the tropone C ring than colchicine (Koerntgen, C. and Margulis, T. N. (1977) J. Pharm. Sci. 66, 1127-1131.). These results indicate that the conformation of the C ring may have little effect on the energetics of colchicinoids binding to tubulin.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Thiocolchicine, ≥97% (HPLC)