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  • Antitumor agents. 141. Synthesis and biological evaluation of novel thiocolchicine analogs: N-acyl-, N-aroyl-, and N-(substituted benzyl)deacetylthiocolchicines as potent cytotoxic and antimitotic compounds.

Antitumor agents. 141. Synthesis and biological evaluation of novel thiocolchicine analogs: N-acyl-, N-aroyl-, and N-(substituted benzyl)deacetylthiocolchicines as potent cytotoxic and antimitotic compounds.

Journal of medicinal chemistry (1993-05-14)
L Sun, E Hamel, C M Lin, S B Hastie, A Pyluck, K H Lee
ABSTRACT

Three series of novel thiocolchicine analogs, N-acyl-, N-aroyl-, and N-(substituted benzyl)-deacetylthiocolchicinoids, have been synthesized and evaluated for their cytotoxicity against various tumor cell lines, especially solid tumor cell lines, and for their inhibitory effects on tubulin polymerization in vitro. Most of these compounds showed strong inhibitory effects on tubulin polymerization comparable to that obtained with thiocolchicine and greater than that obtained with colchicine. Only compounds with a long side chain at the C(7) position, such as 22-24, did not inhibit tubulin polymerization. Several of the active N-aroyldeacetylthiocolchicine analogs had positive optical rotations, in contrast to the negative optical rotation observed with most colchicinoids. This property might be attributed to a reversal of biaryl configuration from the normal aS to aR. Therefore, the N-aroyl analogs were further evaluated by circular dichroism, which readily distinguishes between the aS and aR biaryl configurations. This latter technique demonstrated that the active N-aroyl analogs do have an aS configuration despite their positive optical rotations. However, comparison of 1H NMR and UV spectral data of N-(substituted benzyl)-deacetylthiocolchicines with those of corresponding N-aroyldeacetylthiocolchicines suggested a different biaryl dihedral angle [even though these compounds have the same aS biaryl configuration]. The similar tubulin binding properties of these compounds suggest that a biaryl dihedral angle of 53 degrees is not essential for colchicinoid-tubulin interaction. The increased cytotoxicity of N-(substituted benzyl)deacetylthiocolchicines compared to the N-aroyldeacetylthiocolchicines may be attributed to different lipophilicity, drug uptake, or drug metabolism in the tumor cells. The side chain at the C(7) position affects inhibition of tubulin polymerization and the cytotoxic activity of colchicinoids as a function of its size and its contribution to lipophilicity.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Thiocolchicine, ≥97% (HPLC)