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  • Evidence for selectivity of absorption of volatile organic compounds by a polydimethylsiloxane solid-phase microextraction fibre.

Evidence for selectivity of absorption of volatile organic compounds by a polydimethylsiloxane solid-phase microextraction fibre.

Journal of chromatography. A (2000-08-15)
S Niedziella, S Rudkin, M Cooke
ABSTRACT

Solid-phase microextraction using a 30 microns polydimethylsiloxane fibre has been used to sample the volatile organic compounds from standard mixtures and from mixtures produced by the decomposition of organic compounds. This method of sampling has been compared with the direct injection of an aliquot of headspace gas and shows an enrichment factor of approximately 100 over a 1 ml gas injection for organosulphur gases such as dimethyldisulphide. The performance of the fibre has been evaluated with respect to accuracy and precision at several concentrations in representing the composition of multicomponent mixtures. It was found that the presence of a second component in a gas sample reduced the capacity of the fibre to absorb the primary component. The selectivity of the fibre for various volatile compounds with differing functionality was also studied. It was found that the non-polar polydimethylsiloxane fibre preferentially absorbed the non-polar components of a mixture, e.g. nonane and, correspondingly, under reported the more polar components, e.g. ethanol. Hence, the fibre discriminates in favour of non-polar and against polar components in a mixture in comparison with direct analysis of a headspace sample. Thus, quantitation of a component in a multi-component mixture is liable to error from competitive interference from other components. A major advantage of the technique, however, is that it does not absorb, and therefore introduce, water into the analytical system.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), df 30 μm(PDMS, needle size 23 ga, for use with autosampler
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), df 30 μm(PDMS, needle size 24 ga, for use with manual holder
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), df 30 μm(PDMS, needle size 24 ga, for use with autosampler