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  • Selective pressurized liquid extraction technique capable of analyzing dioxins, furans, and PCBs in clams and crab tissue.

Selective pressurized liquid extraction technique capable of analyzing dioxins, furans, and PCBs in clams and crab tissue.

Bulletin of environmental contamination and toxicology (2013-12-10)
Bikram Subedi, Lissette Aguilar, E Spencer Williams, Bryan W Brooks, Sascha Usenko
ABSTRACT

A selective pressurized liquid extraction technique (SPLE) was developed for the analysis of polychlorodibenzo-p-dioxins, polychlorodibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) and dioxin-like polychlorobiphenyls (dl-PCBs) in clam and crab tissue. The SPLE incorporated multiple cleanup adsorbents (alumina, florisil, silica gel, celite, and carbopack) within the extraction cell. Tissue extracts were analyzed by high resolution gas chromatography coupled with electron capture negative ionization mass spectrometry. Mean recovery (n = 3) and percent relative standard deviation for PCDD/Fs and dl-PCBs in clam and crabs was 89 ± 2.3 and 85 ± 4.0, respectively. The SPLE method was applied to clams and crabs collected from the San Jacinto River Waste Pits, a Superfund site in Houston, TX. The dl-PCBs concentrations in clams and crabs ranged from 50 to 2,450 and 5 to 800 ng/g ww, respectively. Sample preparation time and solvents were reduced by 92 % and 65 %, respectively, as compared to USEPA method 1613.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Supelco
Carbopack X, glass TD tube, fritted, O.D. × L 1/4 in. × 3 1/2 in., preconditioned, pkg of 10 ea
Supelco
FLM Carbopack X Deactivated Stainless Steel TD Tube, preconditioned, pkg of 10 tubes, O.D. × L 1/4 in. (6.35 mm) × 3 1/2 in. (89 mm)
Supelco
Carbopack B, O.D. × L 1/4 in. × 3 1/2 in., glass TD tube, fritted, Sealed with Brass Endcaps, preconditioned, pkg of 10 ea
Supelco
Carbopack B, glass TD tube, fritted, O.D. × L 1/4 in. × 3 1/2 in., unconditioned, pkg of 10 ea, matrix Carbopack
Supelco
Carbopack B, stainless steel TD tube, O.D. × L 1/4 × 3 1/2, unconditioned, pkg of 10 ea
Supelco
Carbopack B, glass TD tube, fritted, O.D. × L 1/4 in. × 3 1/2 in., preconditioned, pkg of 10 ea
Supelco
Carbopack Adsorbent, matrix Carbopack C, 80-100 mesh, bottle of 10 g
Supelco
Carbopack Adsorbent, matrix Carbopack X, 120-400 mesh, bottle of 50 g
Supelco
Carbopack Adsorbent, matrix Carbopack B, 60-80 mesh, bottle of 10 g
Supelco
Carbopack Adsorbent, matrix Carbopack X, 40-60 mesh, bottle of 10 g
Supelco
Carbopack Adsorbent, matrix Carbopack X, 60-80 mesh, bottle of 10 g
Supelco
Carbopack Adsorbent, matrix Carbopack C, 60-80 mesh, bottle of 10 g