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  • The rise of metal radionuclides in medical imaging: copper-64, zirconium-89 and yttrium-86.

The rise of metal radionuclides in medical imaging: copper-64, zirconium-89 and yttrium-86.

Future medicinal chemistry (2011-04-30)
Oluwatayo F Ikotun, Suzanne E Lapi
ABSTRACT

Positron emission tomography, with its high sensitivity and resolution, is growing rapidly as an imaging technology for the diagnosis of many disease states. The success of this modality is reliant on instrumentation and the development of effective and novel targeted probes. Initially, research in this area was focused on what we will define in this article as 'standard' PET isotopes (carbon-11, nitrogen-13, oxygen-15 and fluorine-18), but the short half-lives of these isotopes limit radiopharmaceutical development to those that probe rapid biological processes. To overcome these limitations, there has been a rise in nonstandard isotope probe development in recent years. This review focuses on the biological probes and processes that have been examined, in additiom to the preclinical and clinical findings with nonstandard radiometals: copper-64, zirconium-89, and yttrium-86.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Zirconium, rod, diam. 6.35 mm, ≥99% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Zirconium, foil, thickness 0.1 mm, 99.98% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Zirconium, sponge, ≥99% trace metals basis
Zirconium, foil, light tested, 100x300mm, thickness 0.016mm, 99.2%
Zirconium, foil, light tested, 25x25mm, thickness 0.016mm, 99.2%
Zirconium, foil, light tested, 200x300mm, thickness 0.02mm, 99.2%
Zirconium, foil, 25mm disks, thickness 0.025mm, annealed, 99.2%
Zirconium, foil, 10mm disks, thickness 0.01mm, 99.2%
Zirconium, foil, 15mm disks, thickness 0.075mm, annealed, 99.2%
Zirconium, foil, 100x100mm, thickness 0.5mm, annealed, 99.2%
Zirconium, foil, 10mm disks, thickness 0.05mm, annealed, 99.2%
Zirconium, foil, 0.5m coil, thickness 0.125mm, annealed, 99.2%
Zirconium, foil, 1m coil, thickness 0.125mm, annealed, 99.2%
Zirconium, foil, 10mm disks, thickness 0.016mm, 99.2%
Zirconium, foil, 15mm disks, thickness 0.016mm, 99.2%
Zirconium, foil, 50x50mm, thickness 0.25mm, annealed, 99.2%
Zirconium, foil, 15mm disks, thickness 0.25mm, annealed, 99.2%
Zirconium, foil, 0.5m coil, thickness 0.016mm, 99.2%
Zirconium, foil, 1m coil, thickness 0.075mm, annealed, 99.2%
Zirconium, foil, 15mm disks, thickness 0.015mm, 99.2%
Zirconium, foil, 10m coil, thickness 0.02mm, 99.2%
Zirconium, foil, 25mm disks, thickness 0.075mm, annealed, 99.2%
Zirconium, foil, 25mm disks, thickness 0.02mm, 99.2%
Zirconium, foil, 25x25mm, thickness 0.125mm, annealed, 99.2%
Zirconium, foil, 1m coil, thickness 0.25mm, annealed, 99.2%
Zirconium, foil, 15mm disks, thickness 0.01mm, 99.2%
Zirconium, foil, 300x300mm, thickness 0.125mm, annealed, 99.2%
Zirconium, foil, 15mm disks, thickness 0.5mm, annealed, 99.2%
Zirconium, foil, 1m coil, thickness 0.016mm, 99.2%
Zirconium, foil, 25mm disks, thickness 0.0125mm, 99.2%