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  • T-cadherin enhances cell-matrix adhesiveness by regulating beta1 integrin trafficking in cutaneous squamous carcinoma cells.

T-cadherin enhances cell-matrix adhesiveness by regulating beta1 integrin trafficking in cutaneous squamous carcinoma cells.

Genes to cells : devoted to molecular & cellular mechanisms (2007-06-19)
Yohei Mukoyama, Atsushi Utani, Seiya Matsui, Shuxia Zhou, Yoshiki Miyachi, Norihisa Matsuyoshi
ABSTRACT

T-cadherin is a glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchored cadherin molecule. We previously reported that T-cadherin is normally expressed on the basal keratinocytes of the epidermis and is down-regulated in cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). We found that expression of T-cadherin in cutaneous squamous carcinoma cells regulated level of surface beta1 integrin, which functioned as extracellular matrix (ECM) receptor. Involvement of T-cadherin in beta1 integrin trafficking was studied using three different stable cell lines with cytomegalovirus (CMV)-driven over-expression, tetracycline (Tet)-inducible expression and RNAi-mediated suppressed expression of T-cadherin. Pulse-chase analysis using a cholesterol-depleting reagent and a tyrosine kinase inhibitor showed that beta1 integrin mainly internalized via caveolae. Over-expression of T-cadherin suppressed the internalization of both beta1 integrin and cholera toxin (CTX), a marker of caveolae-mediated endocytosis. By Western blot analysis of tyrosine-kinase target molecules, we demonstrated a reduced level of EGF receptor (EGFR)-phosphorylation in T-cadherin over-expressing cells. In addition, studies using EGF and EGFR specific inhibitors revealed that EGFR activation stimulated beta1 integrin internalization. Taking these results together, T-cadherin may modulate cell-matrix adhesion in basal keratinocytes as well as invasive potency in SCC by regulating surface level of beta1 integrin.