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  • Stereocontrolled synthesis of carbocyclic compounds with a quaternary carbon atom based on SN2' alkylation of γ,δ-epoxy-α,β-unsaturated ketones.

Stereocontrolled synthesis of carbocyclic compounds with a quaternary carbon atom based on SN2' alkylation of γ,δ-epoxy-α,β-unsaturated ketones.

Organic & biomolecular chemistry (2012-06-19)
Fumihiko Yoshimura, Ayano Kowata, Keiji Tanino
ABSTRACT

We developed a new method for stereoselective construction of an all-carbon quaternary stereogenic center on a carbocyclic ring based on regio- and stereoselective S(N)2' alkylation reactions of γ,δ-epoxy-α,β-unsaturated cyclic ketones. Treatment of the ketones, which were readily prepared in enantiomerically pure form by means of aldol condensations between 3-ethoxy-2-cycloalkenones and α,β-epoxy aldehydes, with a R(2)Zn-CuCN reagent afforded anti-S(N)2' products stereoselectively. Conversely, the corresponding syn-S(N)2' products were stereoselectively obtained through two-step transformations of the same γ,δ-epoxy-α,β-unsaturated cyclic ketones: (1) conversion of the epoxide moiety to a chlorohydrin by treatment with MgCl(2) and (2) subsequent S(N)2' substitution of the chlorohydrin with a R(2)Zn-CuCN reagent. These substitution products with their chiral trans-allylic alcohol moieties are promising precursors for complex molecules. For example, Eschenmoser-Claisen rearrangement of one of the substitution products resulted in stereoselective formation of a keto amide having contiguous quaternary and tertiary stereogenic centers.

MATERIALS
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Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
3-Ethoxy-2-cyclopentenone, 98%