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  • Rational selection of substrates to improve color intensity and uniformity on microfluidic paper-based analytical devices.

Rational selection of substrates to improve color intensity and uniformity on microfluidic paper-based analytical devices.

The Analyst (2014-03-13)
Elizabeth Evans, Ellen Flávia Moreira Gabriel, Wendell Karlos Tomazelli Coltro, Carlos D Garcia
ABSTRACT

A systematic investigation was conducted to study the effect of paper type on the analytical performance of a series of microfluidic paper-based analytical devices (μPADs) fabricated using a CO2 laser engraver. Samples included three different grades of Whatman chromatography paper, and three grades of Whatman filter paper. According to the data collected and the characterization performed, different papers offer a wide range of flow rate, thickness, and pore size. After optimizing the channel widths on the μPAD, the focus of this study was directed towards the color intensity and color uniformity formed during a colorimetric enzymatic reaction. According to the results herein described, the type of paper and the volume of reagents dispensed in each detection zone can determine the color intensity and uniformity. Therefore, the objective of this communication is to provide rational guidelines for the selection of paper substrates for the fabrication of μPADs.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Whatman® qualitative filter paper, Grade 4, circles, diam. 42.5 mm, pack of 100
Whatman® qualitative filter paper, Grade 1, circles, diam. 10 mm, pack of 500