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Sonolysis of chlorobenzene in Fenton-type aqueous systems.

Ultrasonics sonochemistry (2002-10-31)
Carmen Stavarache, B Yim, M Vinatoru, Y Maeda
ABSTRACT

The influence of ultrasounds (200 kHz frequency) on the decomposition of chlorobenzene (CB) in a water solution (around 100 ppm concentration) containing iron or palladium sulfates was investigated. The intermediates of the sonolysis were identified, thus allowing a deeper insight into the degradation mechanism. It was established that CB degradation starts by pyrolysis inside the cavitation bubbles. The initial sonolysis product is benzene, formed in a reaction occurring outside the cavitation from phenyl radicals and the hydrogen atoms sonolytically generated from the water. Polyphenols as products of the CB sonochemical degradation are reported for the first time. The palladium salt was found to be a useful and sensitive indicator for differentiating the sites and mechanisms of the product formation. An alternative mechanism for the CB sonolysis is advanced, explaining the formation of phenols, polyphenols, chlorophenols and benzene.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Iron(III) sulfate hydrate, 97%