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  • Modulation of the late sodium current by ATX-II and ranolazine affects the reverse use-dependence and proarrhythmic liability of IKr blockade.

Modulation of the late sodium current by ATX-II and ranolazine affects the reverse use-dependence and proarrhythmic liability of IKr blockade.

British journal of pharmacology (2010-12-25)
Shaobin Jia, Jiangfan Lian, Donglin Guo, Xiaolin Xue, Chinmay Patel, Lin Yang, Zuyi Yuan, Aiqun Ma, Gan-Xin Yan
ABSTRACT

Drug-induced torsades de pointes (TdP) often occurs during bradycardia due to reverse use-dependence. We tested the hypothesis that inhibition or enhancement of late sodium current (I(Na,L) ) could modulate the drug-induced reverse use-dependence in QT and T(p-e) (an index of dispersion of repolarization), and therefore the liability for TdP. Arterially perfused rabbit left ventricular wedge preparations were used. Action potentials from the endocardium were recorded simultaneously with a transmural ECG. The effects of Anemonia sulcata toxin (ATX-II) (an I(Na,L) enhancer), d,l-sotalol, clarithromycin and ranolazine (an I(Na,L) blocker) on rate-dependent changes in QT, T(p-e) and proarrhythmic events were tested, either alone or in combination. Rate-dependent QT and T(p-e) slopes and TdP score (a combined index of TdP liability) were calculated at control and during drug infusion. ATX-II (30 nM) and sotalol (300 µM) caused a marked increase in QT and T(p-e) intervals, steeper QT-basic cycle length (BCL) and T(p-e) -BCL slopes (i.e. reverse use-dependence), and TdP. Addition of ranolazine (15 µM) to ATX-II or sotalol significantly attenuated QT-BCL, T(p-e) -BCL slopes and the increased TdP scores. In contrast, clarithromycin (100 µM) moderately prolonged QT and T(p-e) without causing R-on-T extrasystole or TdP, but addition of ATX-II (1 nM) to clarithromycin markedly amplified the QT-BCL and T(p-e) -BCL slopes and further increased TdP score. Modulation of I(Na,L) altered drug-induced reverse use-dependence related to QT as well as T(p-e) , indicating that inhibition of I(Na,L) can markedly reduce the TdP liability of agents that prolong QT intervals.

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Clarithromycin, Ready Made Solution, 50 mg/mL in DMSO