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  • BL-1249 [(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-naphthalen-1-yl)-[2-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)-phenyl]-amine]: a putative potassium channel opener with bladder-relaxant properties.

BL-1249 [(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-naphthalen-1-yl)-[2-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)-phenyl]-amine]: a putative potassium channel opener with bladder-relaxant properties.

The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics (2004-12-21)
Svetlana Tertyshnikova, Ronald J Knox, Mary Jane Plym, George Thalody, Corinne Griffin, Torben Neelands, David G Harden, Laura Signor, David Weaver, Robert A Myers, Nicholas J Lodge
ABSTRACT

BL-1249 [(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-naphthalen-1-yl)-[2-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)-phenyl]-amine] produced a concentration-dependent membrane hyperpolarization of cultured human bladder myocytes, assessed as either a reduction in fluorescence of the voltage-sensitive dye bis-(1,2-dibutylbarbituric acid)trimethine oxonol (EC50 = 1.26 +/- 0.6 microM) or by direct electrophysiological measurement (EC50 = 1.49 +/- 0.08 microM). BL-1249 also produced a membrane hyperpolarization of acutely dissociated rat bladder myocytes. Voltage-clamp studies in human bladder cells revealed that BL-1249 activated an instantaneous, noninactivating current that reversed near E(K). The BL-1249-evoked outward K+ current was insensitive to blockade by glyburide, tetraethylammonium, iberiotoxin, 4-aminopyridine, apamin, or Mg2+. However, the current was inhibited by extracellular Ba2+ (10 mM). In in vitro organ bath experiments, BL-1249 produced a concentration-dependent relaxation of 30 mM KCl-induced contractions in rat bladder strips (EC50 = 1.12 +/- 0.37 microM), yet had no effect on aortic strips up to the highest concentration tested (10 microM). The bladder relaxation produced by BL-1249 was partially blocked by Ba2+ (1 and 10 mM) but not by apamin, iberiotoxin, 4-aminopyridine, glyburide, or tetraethylammonium. In an anesthetized rat model, BL-1249 (1 mg/kg i.v.) decreased the number of isovolumic contractions, without significantly affecting blood pressure. Thus, BL-1249 behaves as a potassium channel activator that exhibits bladder versus vascular selectivity both in vitro and in vivo. A survey of potassium channels exhibiting sensitivity to extracellular Ba2+ at millimolar concentration revealed that the expression of the K2P2.1 (TREK-1) channel was relatively high in human bladder cells versus human aortic cells, suggesting this channel as a possible candidate target for BL-1249.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
BL-1249, ≥98% (HPLC)
Sigma-Aldrich
Anti-Actin, α-Smooth Muscle - FITC antibody, Mouse monoclonal, clone 1A4, purified from hybridoma cell culture