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  • Fitting the elementary rate constants of the P-gp transporter network in the hMDR1-MDCK confluent cell monolayer using a particle swarm algorithm.

Fitting the elementary rate constants of the P-gp transporter network in the hMDR1-MDCK confluent cell monolayer using a particle swarm algorithm.

PloS one (2011-10-27)
Deep Agnani, Poulomi Acharya, Esteban Martinez, Thuy Thanh Tran, Feby Abraham, Frank Tobin, Harma Ellens, Joe Bentz
ABSTRACT

P-glycoprotein, a human multidrug resistance transporter, has been extensively studied due to its importance to human health and disease. In order to understand transport kinetics via P-gp, confluent cell monolayers overexpressing P-gp are widely used. The purpose of this study is to obtain the mass action elementary rate constants for P-gp's transport and to functionally characterize members of P-gp's network, i.e., other transporters that transport P-gp substrates in hMDR1-MDCKII confluent cell monolayers and are essential to the net substrate flux. Transport of a range of concentrations of amprenavir, loperamide, quinidine and digoxin across the confluent monolayer of cells was measured in both directions, apical to basolateral and basolateral to apical. We developed a global optimization algorithm using the Particle Swarm method that can simultaneously fit all datasets to yield accurate and exhaustive fits of these elementary rate constants. The statistical sensitivity of the fitted values was determined by using 24 identical replicate fits, yielding simple averages and standard deviations for all of the kinetic parameters, including the efflux active P-gp surface density. Digoxin required additional basolateral and apical transporters, while loperamide required just a basolateral tranporter. The data were better fit by assuming bidirectional transporters, rather than active importers, suggesting that they are not MRP or active OATP transporters. The P-gp efflux rate constants for quinidine and digoxin were about 3-fold smaller than reported ATP hydrolysis rate constants from P-gp proteoliposomes. This suggests a roughly 3∶1 stoichiometry between ATP hydrolysis and P-gp transport for these two drugs. The fitted values of the elementary rate constants for these P-gp substrates support the hypotheses that the selective pressures on P-gp are to maintain a broad substrate range and to keep xenobiotics out of the cytosol, but not out of the apical membrane.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Canine MDR1 Knockout MDCKII Control Cells
Sigma-Aldrich
MDCKII canine MDR1 KO, human MDR1 Expressing Cells
Sigma-Aldrich
MDCKII canine MDR1 KO Cells
Sigma-Aldrich
Canine MDR1 Knockout, Human MDR1 Knockin MDCKII Cells
Sigma-Aldrich
MDCKII canine MDR1 KO, human BCRP Expressing Cells
Sigma-Aldrich
MDCKII canine MDR1 KO, human BCRP / human OAT2B1 Expressing Cells