MilliporeSigma
  • A biodegradable ocular implant for long-term suppression of intraocular pressure.

A biodegradable ocular implant for long-term suppression of intraocular pressure.

Drug delivery and translational research (2015-06-24)
Xu Wen Ng, Kerh Lin Liu, Amutha Barathi Veluchamy, Nyein Chan Lwin, Tina T Wong, Subbu S Venkatraman
ABSTRACT

Timolol maleate (TM) has been used for many years for the reduction of intraocular pressure (IOP) in glaucoma patients. However, the topical mode of administration (eyedrops) is far from optimal because of the issues of low bioavailability, high drug wastage, and lack of patient compliance. Suboptimal control of the IOP leads to disease progression and eventually to blindness. Ideally, TM is delivered to the patient so that its action is both localized and sustained for 3 months or more. In this work, we developed a subconjunctival TM microfilm for sustained, long-term delivery of TM to the eyes, using the biodegradable elastomer poly(lactide-co-caprolactone) (PLC). The copolymer is biocompatible and has flexibility and mechanical characteristics suitable for a patient-acceptable implant. Controlling the release of TM for 3 months is challenging, and this work describes how, by using a combination of multilayering and blending with poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) copolymers, we were able to develop a TM-incorporated biodegradable film that can deliver TM at a therapeutic dose for 90 days in vitro. The data was further confirmed in a diseased primate model, with sustained IOP-lowering effects for 5 months with a single implant, with acceptable biocompatibility and partial degradation.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Methoxy poly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly(ε-caprolactone), 5k-2k
Sigma-Aldrich
Methoxy poly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly(ε-caprolactone), 5k-10k
Sigma-Aldrich
Methoxy poly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly(ε-caprolactone), 2k-2k
Sigma-Aldrich
Methoxy poly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly(ε-caprolactone), 2k-5k