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  • The Microbial Metabolite Butyrate Induces Expression of Th1-Associated Factors in CD4

The Microbial Metabolite Butyrate Induces Expression of Th1-Associated Factors in CD4

Frontiers in immunology (2017-09-13)
Meike Kespohl, Niyati Vachharajani, Maik Luu, Hani Harb, Sabine Pautz, Svenja Wolff, Nina Sillner, Alesia Walker, Philippe Schmitt-Kopplin, Thomas Boettger, Harald Renz, Stefan Offermanns, Ulrich Steinhoff, Alexander Visekruna
ABSTRACT

Short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), which are generated by the bacterial fermentation of dietary fibers, promote expansion of regulatory T cells (Tregs). Potential therapeutic value of SCFAs has been recently highlighted in the experimental models of T cell-mediated autoimmunity and allergic inflammation. These studies suggest that physiological intestinal concentrations of SCFAs within the millimolar range are crucial for dampening inflammation-mediated processes. Here, we describe opposing effects of SCFAs on T cell-mediated immune responses. In accordance with published data, lower butyrate concentrations facilitated differentiation of Tregs

MATERIALS
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Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Butyric acid-4,4,4-d3, 98 atom % D