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  • IRF3 Inhibits Neutrophil Recruitment in Mice Infected with Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

IRF3 Inhibits Neutrophil Recruitment in Mice Infected with Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

Inflammation (2017-02-10)
Zhenghao Piao, Haiying Yuan, Cuili Wang, Liyun Shi
ABSTRACT

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia. Interferon regulatory factor 3 (IRF3) is a transcription factor that plays an important role in the immune response to viral infection via the IRF3/IFN-β signaling pathway. Controversial data exist regarding the role of IRF3 in immune cell recruitment during bacterial infections. IRF3 has been shown to promote neutrophil recruitment and bacterial clearance in mice infected with P. aeruginosa by inducing the production of specific chemokines and cytokines. In contrast, our study showed that IRF3 knockout (KO) mice infected with P. aeruginosa exhibited greater survival rates, demonstrated enhanced bacterial clearance, and showed significantly increased neutrophil recruitment to the lungs, when compared with the wild-type (WT) mice. The peritoneal lavage fluid collected from IRF3 KO mice 4 h after intraperitoneal injection with P. aeruginosa or 3% thioglycolate contained a significantly increased number of neutrophils. Furthermore, neutrophils from the bone marrow (BM) of IRF3 KO mice showed greater adhesiveness to the extracellular matrix when compared with those of WT mice, post-P. aeruginosa infection. In addition, IRF3 induced the expression of target genes in WT neutrophils infected with P. aeruginosa. These findings indicate that IRF3 exacerbates P. aeruginosa-induced mortality in mice by inhibiting neutrophil adhesion and recruitment to the lungs. Together, these data indicate that the inhibition of IRF3 might provide a possible mechanism for controlling P. aeruginosa infections.

MATERIALS
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Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
2,2,2-Tribromoethanol, 97%
Millipore
Thioglycollate Broth (USP Alternative), suitable for microbiology, NutriSelect® Plus