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  • Evaluation of flow cell detector configurations combining simultaneous preconcentration and scintillation detection for monitoring of pertechnetate in aqueous media.

Evaluation of flow cell detector configurations combining simultaneous preconcentration and scintillation detection for monitoring of pertechnetate in aqueous media.

Analytical chemistry (2006-04-04)
Lara D Hughes, Timothy A DeVol
ABSTRACT

Flow cell detectors were developed for simultaneous concentration and scintillation detection of technetium-99 in water. Evaluated flow cell geometries consisted of a coil and a fountain flow cell design; the latter is based on radial solution flow through a resin bed interfaced with a photomultiplier tube through a polycarbonate window. The sorptive scintillating media investigated were (1) an extractive scintillator combining a porous polystyrene resin with the extractant Aliquat-336 and fluor 2-(1-naphthyl)-5-phenyloxazole, (2) a mixed bed of organic scintillator (BC-400) and Tc-selective resin (TEVA), and (3) a mixed bed of inorganic scintillator particles (CaF2-Eu) with either TEVA resin or strong base anion-exchange resin (Dowex 1 x 8-400(Cl)). Depending on flow cell geometry and medium, the detection efficiencies for 99Tc ranged from 7.26 (BC-400/TEVA in coil geometry) to 50.20% (CaF2(Eu)/Dowex 1 x 8-400(Cl) in fountain flow cell geometry). The configuration with the highest sensitivity, CaF2(Eu)/Dowex 1 x 8-400(Cl) in coil geometry, can detect 99Tc as low as 3.78 Bq L(-1) for a 100-s count interval and a 200-mL sample, which is below the current regulatory level of 33 Bq L(-1). The issue of sensor reusability was addressed in this research, and its potential application at near neutral pH was demonstrated. The optimal sensor design was evaluated with a 99Tc-spiked synthetic groundwater matrix.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
1,4-Bis(2-methylstyryl)benzene, BioReagent, suitable for scintillation, ≥98% (UV)