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Sigma-Aldrich

Iodine

≥99.99% trace metals basis

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Synonym(s):
Molecular iodine
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
I2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
253.81
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
3587194
EC Number:
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
38050601
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.23

vapor density

9 (vs air)

Quality Level

vapor pressure

0.31 mmHg ( 25 °C)
1 mmHg ( 38.7 °C)

assay

≥99.99% trace metals basis

form

beads
flakes

resistivity

1.3E15 μΩ-cm

bp

184 °C (lit.)

mp

113 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

II

InChI

1S/I2/c1-2

InChI key

PNDPGZBMCMUPRI-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Iodine is a dark grey solid that sublimates into a violet gas. For a solid, molecular iodine has a high vapor pressure (0.31 mmHg at 25 °C). Chemically, iodine is electrophilic and can participate in electrophilic substitution reactions, such as the iodination of organic compounds. This electrophilic behavior is due to the high electronegativity of iodine and its large size, which make it a relatively weak oxidizing agent. Our high-purity iodine is synthesized to have fewer than 100 ppm of trace metals impurities.

Application

High-purity iodine has a variety of uses in the pharmaceutical, chemical, and electronic industries. In the semiconductor and electronics industry, high-purity iodine is used in the production of semiconductors, where it is used as a dopant to create p-type semiconductors and in the production of LCD displays. In the life sciences industry, high-purity iodine is used to create X-ray contrast agents, which are used to enhance the visibility of specific organs in medical imaging. Iodine is also used as a disinfectant, antifungal agent, and antiseptic in various medical applications. Its unique properties make it an important element in various high-tech applications where its high purity is essential.

Features and Benefits

Our 99.99% pure iodine is useful in the pharmaceutical, chemical, and electronic industries where purity matters most.
✔ Consistent quality
✔ High-purity
✔ Available to Scale Up: Bulk and Pilot Scale

signalword

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Dermal - Acute Tox. 4 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Aquatic Acute 1 - Eye Irrit. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT RE 1 Oral - STOT SE 3

target_organs

Respiratory system, Thyroid

Storage Class

6.1D - Non-combustible, acute toxic Cat.3 / toxic hazardous materials or hazardous materials causing chronic effects

wgk_germany

WGK 2

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable

ppe

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Faceshields, Gloves


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Ditipriya Hazra et al.
Scientific reports, 10(1), 1034-1034 (2020-01-25)
Timely and accurate expression of the genetic information relies on the integration of environmental cues and the activation of regulatory networks involving transcriptional and post-transcriptional mechanisms. In fission yeast, meiosis-specific transcripts are selectively targeted for degradation during mitosis by the
Michael B Zimmermann
Thyroid : official journal of the American Thyroid Association, 17(9), 829-835 (2007-10-25)
Iodine is required for the production of thyroid hormones, which are essential for normal brain development, and the fetus, newborn, and young child are particularly vulnerable to iodine deficiency. The iodine requirement increases during pregnancy and recommended intakes are in
Zulfiqar A Bhutta et al.
Lancet (London, England), 382(9890), 452-477 (2013-06-12)
Maternal undernutrition contributes to 800,000 neonatal deaths annually through small for gestational age births; stunting, wasting, and micronutrient deficiencies are estimated to underlie nearly 3·1 million child deaths annually. Progress has been made with many interventions implemented at scale and
Tim I M Korevaar et al.
The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism, 98(11), 4382-4390 (2013-09-17)
Premature delivery is an important risk factor for child mortality and psychiatric, metabolic, and cardiovascular disease later in life. In the majority of cases, the cause of prematurity cannot be identified. Currently, it remains controversial whether abnormal maternal thyroid function
Michael B Zimmermann et al.
Nutrition reviews, 70(10), 553-570 (2012-10-06)
Iodine status has been historically assessed by palpation of the thyroid and reported as goiter rates. Goiter is a functional biomarker that can be applied to both individuals and populations, but it is subjective. Iodine status is now assessed using

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