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370959

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Lignin, alkali

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Synonym(s):
Lignin, kraft
CAS Number:
MDL number:
NACRES:
NA.23

description

surface tension 43 mN/m (1% aqueous)

Quality Level

form

powder

impurities

5% moisture

loss

13.4 wt. % loss on heating, @ 316°C
3.3 wt. % loss on heating, @ 149°C
5.7 wt. % loss on heating, @ 204°C
8.5 wt. % loss on heating, @ 260°C

pH

6.5 (25 °C, 5%, aqueous solution)

transition temp

sintering point 188 °C

solubility

NaOH: 0.05% (warm 5% aquesous)
MEK: partially soluble
benzene: insoluble
dioxane: soluble
ethylene glycol: soluble
hexane: insoluble
methanol: partially soluble

density

1.3 g/mL at 25 °C

bulk density

23 lb/cu.ft (loose)
32 lb/cu.ft (packed)

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1 of 4

This Item
L9647471003561126
Lignin, alkali

Sigma-Aldrich

370959

Lignin, alkali

Limonin from citrus seeds, >90% (HPLC)

Sigma-Aldrich

L9647

Limonin

Lignin, alkali

Sigma-Aldrich

471003

Lignin, alkali

transition temp

sintering point 188 °C

transition temp

-

transition temp

-

transition temp

-

density

1.3 g/mL at 25 °C

density

-

density

-

density

-

description

surface tension 43 mN/m (1% aqueous)

description

-

description

-

description

-

impurities

5% moisture

impurities

-

impurities

4% sulfur

impurities

-

loss

13.4 wt. % loss on heating, @ 316°C

loss

-

loss

-

loss

-

General description

Lignin, alkali is a complex, three dimensional polymer that is also known as kraft lignin that has undergone hydrolytic degradation. It is one of the major components of lignocellulosic materials. Lignin is a major product for second generation bioethanol production and is an impurity in the separation of cellulose from wood.

Application

Lignin, alkali can be used as a surface treatment agent for composites of natural fibers with petroleum based resins. It can be used as a biosorbent for potential applications in removing toxic metal ions from wastewater.

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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Novel applications of lignin in composite materials
Thielemans W, et al.
Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 83(2), 323-331 (2002)
Aiguo Wang et al.
Bioresource technology, 268, 505-513 (2018-08-17)
Maximizing the production of aromatic hydrocarbons from lignin conversion by coupling methane activation without solvent was investigated over Zn-Ga modified zeolite catalyst. The co-loading of Zn and Ga greatly improves lignin conversion, arene yield along with BTEX (i.e., benzene, toluene
Tanja Berger et al.
Folia microbiologica, 66(1), 87-98 (2020-09-26)
The potential of the culturable bacterial community from an Alpine coniferous forest site for the degradation of organic polymers and pollutants at low (5 °C) and moderate (20 °C) temperatures was evaluated. The majority of the 68 strains belonged to
Dong Tian et al.
Biotechnology for biofuels, 10, 157-157 (2017-06-27)
Current single-stage delignification-pretreatment technologies to overcome lignocellulosic biomass recalcitrance are usually achieved at the expense of compromising the recovery of the polysaccharide components, particularly the hemicellulose fraction. One way to enhance overall sugar recovery is to tailor an efficient two-stage
Single, binary and multi-component adsorption of copper and cadmium from aqueous solutions on Kraft lignin?a biosorbent
Mohan D, et al.
Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 297(2), 489-504 (2006)

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