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440191

Sigma-Aldrich

Hexamethyldisilazane

reagent grade, ≥99%

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Synonym(s):
Bis(trimethylsilyl)amine, HMDS
Linear Formula:
(CH3)3SiNHSi(CH3)3
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
161.39
Beilstein:
635752
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.23

grade

reagent grade

Assay

≥99%

form

liquid

refractive index

n20/D 1.407 (lit.)

bp

125 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

C[Si](C)(C)N[Si](C)(C)C

InChI

1S/C6H19NSi2/c1-8(2,3)7-9(4,5)6/h7H,1-6H3

InChI key

FFUAGWLWBBFQJT-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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1 of 4

This Item
869448.0432452619
Hexamethyldisilazane reagent grade, ≥99%

Sigma-Aldrich

440191

Hexamethyldisilazane

Hexamethyldisilazane produced by Wacker Chemie AG, Burghausen, Germany, ≥97.0% (GC)

Sigma-Aldrich

86944

Hexamethyldisilazane

Hexamethyldisilazane for GC derivatization, LiChropur™, ≥99.0% (GC)

Supelco

52619

Hexamethyldisilazane

assay

≥99%

assay

≥97.0% (GC)

assay

≥98% (GC)

assay

≥99.0% (GC)

form

liquid

form

liquid

form

liquid

form

liquid

refractive index

n20/D 1.407 (lit.)

refractive index

n20/D 1.407 (lit.)

refractive index

-

refractive index

n20/D 1.407 (lit.), n20/D 1.408

bp

125 °C (lit.)

bp

125 °C (lit.)

bp

126 °C/1013 mbar

bp

125 °C (lit.)

Quality Level

300

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

100

General description

Hexamethyldisilane (HMDS) is a stable and effectivereagent for trimethylsilylation of hydrogen-labile substrates such as alcohols,amines, and carboxylic acids. It is commonly used for the protection of sensitivefunctional groups during chemical synthesis. Owing to its low cost, high vapor pressure, and safety, itis widely used as a precursor in chemical vapor deposition(CVD) reactions.

Application

Hexamethyldisilane (HMDS) can be used:
  • As a silylating agent in the trimethylsilylation of alcohols under nearly neutral reaction conditions.
  • To control the molecular weights of polypeptides during ring-opening polymerization of α-amino acid N-carboxyanhydrides.
  • To fabricate silicon carbonitride thin films by plasma-enhanced CVD.
  • For specimen preparation for scanning electron microscopy and the preparation of trimethylsilyl ethers from hydroxy compounds.

Features and Benefits

  • High chemicalstability and low molecular weight
  • Nontoxic andcost-effective reagent
  • Ammonia is theonly byproduct generated during silylation
  • Silylationreaction using HDMS is nearly neutral and does not need any precaution

Pictograms

FlameSkull and crossbones

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 3 Dermal - Acute Tox. 4 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Aquatic Chronic 3 - Flam. Liq. 2

Storage Class Code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

52.5 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

11.4 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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Journal of microscopy, 186(Pt 1), 84-87 (1997-04-01)
Critical point drying (CPD) is a common method of drying biological specimens for scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Drying by evaporation of hexamethyldisilazane (HMDS) has been described as a good alternative. This method, however, is infrequently used. Therefore, we reassessed HMDS
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