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398055

Sigma-Aldrich

Succinic acid

ACS reagent, ≥99.0%

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Synonym(s):
Butanedioic acid
Linear Formula:
HOOCCH2CH2COOH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
118.09
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
1754069
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

grade

ACS reagent

Quality Level

assay

≥99.0%

impurities

≤0.001% N compounds
≤0.01% insolubles

ign. residue

≤0.02%

bp

235 °C (lit.)

mp

184-186 °C (lit.)

solubility

water: soluble 83 g/L at 25 °C

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤0.001%
phosphate (PO43-): ≤0.001%
sulfate (SO42-): ≤0.003%

cation traces

Fe: ≤5 ppm
heavy metals (as Pb): ≤5 ppm

SMILES string

OC(=O)CCC(O)=O

InChI

1S/C4H6O4/c5-3(6)1-2-4(7)8/h1-2H2,(H,5,6)(H,7,8)

InChI key

KDYFGRWQOYBRFD-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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1 of 4

This Item
797987S7501S3674
vibrant-m

398055

Succinic acid

-
vibrant-m

797987

Succinic acid

-
vibrant-m

S7501

Succinic acid

-
vibrant-m

S3674

Succinic acid

Premium Grade
solubility

water: soluble 83 g/L at 25 °C

solubility

methanol: soluble 0.4 g/10 mL

solubility

H2O: soluble 1 g/10 mL

solubility

H2O: 0.5 M, clear, colorless

assay

≥99.0%

assay

≥99.0%

assay

≥99.0%

assay

≥99.0%

mp

184-186 °C (lit.)

mp

184-186 °C (lit.)

mp

184-186 °C (lit.)

mp

184-186 °C (lit.)

bp

235 °C (lit.)

bp

235 °C (lit.)

bp

235 °C (lit.)

bp

235 °C (lit.)

grade

ACS reagent

grade

ACS reagent, anhydrous

grade

-

grade

-

General description

Succinic acid, an organic acid is an important building block that has a wide range of synthetic applications. Presently it is synthesized from petrochemical compounds. Due to its increasing demand many bio-based methods have been proposed for its synthesis as an efficient alternative. Its utility as a low shrinkage additive (LSA) in unsaturated polyester resin (UPR) has been investigated.

Application

Succinic acid may be used in the following processes:
  • As a leaching agent in extracting lithium (Li), cobalt from used Li-ion batteries and magnesium from magnesite ore.
  • Synthesis of new elastic polyesters.
  • As a cocrystallising agent in the synthesis of cocrystals with organic molecules.

Legal Information

Redi-Dri is a trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC

pictograms

Corrosion

signalword

Danger

hcodes

Hazard Classifications

Eye Dam. 1

Storage Class

11 - Combustible Solids

wgk_germany

WGK 1

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable

ppe

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves


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Succinic acid-based leaching system: A sustainable process for recovery of valuable metals from spent Li-ion batteries.
Li L, et al.
Journal of Power Sources, 282, 544-551 (2015)
Efficient, metal-free production of succinic acid by oxidation of biomass-derived levulinic acid with hydrogen peroxide.
Dutta S, et al.
Green Chemistry, 17(4), 2335-2338 (2015)
Synthesis and characterization of polyesters derived from glycerol, azelaic acid, and succinic acid.
Baharu MN, et al.
Green Chemistry Letters and Reviews, 8(1), 31-38 (2015)
Effect of succinic acid on the shrinkage of unsaturated polyester resin.
Hong CM, et al.
Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 132(2) (2015)
Ingólfur B Gunnarsson et al.
Bioresource technology, 182, 58-66 (2015-02-16)
The aim of this study was to develop an efficient thermochemical method for treatment of industrial hemp biomass, in order to increase its bioconversion to succinic acid. Industrial hemp was subjected to various thermochemical pretreatments using 0-3% H2SO4, NaOH or

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