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49779

Sigma-Aldrich

Glycerol

tested according to Ph. Eur., anhydrous

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Synonym(s):
Glycerolum, 1,2,3-Propanetriol, Glycerin
Linear Formula:
HOCH2CH(OH)CH2OH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
92.09
Beilstein:
635685
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Agency

USP/NF
tested according to Ph. Eur.

Quality Level

vapor density

3.1 (vs air)

vapor pressure

<1 mmHg ( 20 °C)

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

698 °F

refractive index

n20/D 1.474 (lit.)

bp

182 °C/20 mmHg (lit.)

mp

20 °C (lit.)

density

1.25 g/mL (lit.)

SMILES string

OCC(O)CO

InChI

1S/C3H8O3/c4-1-3(6)2-5/h3-6H,1-2H2

Inchi Key

PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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This Item
G6279G9012G2025
Glycerol tested according to Ph. Eur., anhydrous

Sigma-Aldrich

49779

Glycerol

-
Glycerol BioXtra, &#8805;99% (GC)

Sigma-Aldrich

G6279

Glycerol

Premium Grade
Glycerol &#8805;99.5%

Sigma-Aldrich

G9012

Glycerol

-
Glycerol BioReagent, suitable for cell culture, suitable for insect cell culture, suitable for electrophoresis, &#8805;99% (GC)

Sigma-Aldrich

G2025

Glycerol

Essential+ Grade
mp

20 °C (lit.)

mp

20 °C (lit.)

mp

20 °C (lit.)

mp

20 °C (lit.)

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

300

agency

USP/NF

agency

-

agency

-

agency

-

vapor density

3.1 (vs air)

vapor density

3.1 (vs air)

vapor density

3.1 (vs air)

vapor density

3.1 (vs air)

vapor pressure

<1 mmHg ( 20 °C)

vapor pressure

<1 mmHg ( 20 °C)

vapor pressure

<1 mmHg ( 20 °C)

vapor pressure

<1 mmHg ( 20 °C)

General description

Glycerol is odourless, colorless, viscous in nature, and exists as a sweet tasting liquid. It can be derived naturally as well as from petrochemical feedstock. Glycerol has a wide variety of applications, and is one of the most valuable and versatile chemical substances in nature. It can be used as an emollient, solvent, sweetening agent, in pharmaceutical formulations, cosmetics, foodstuffs and toiletries. It is very stable and can be easily stored under normal temperature; also it is non-irritating and has no adverse impact to the environment.

Application

Glycerol has been used as
  • a supplement during cell culture of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium avium.
  • a fuel during designing enzymatic biofuel cell.
  • a liquid composite matrix with 4-HCCA and 3-amino­quinoline for analysis of neutral and acidic glycans.
  • a matrix for fast atom bombardment MS.
  • may be employed as liquid matrix for the quantification studies by MALDI (Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry) analysis.
Glycerol is used both in sample preparation and gel formation for polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Glycerol (5-10%) increases the density of a sample so that the sample will layer at the bottom of a gel′s sample well. Glycerol is also used to aid in casting gradient gels and as a protein stabilizer and storage buffer component.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Glycerol is hygroscopic in nature and is soluble in water owing to its three hydrophilic alcoholic hydroxyl groups. It can form both inter- and intramolecular hydrogen bonds, making it a very flexible molecule. The physiologic effect of glycerine is due to cell-mediated immunity, increased IgG production and increased histamine release.

Storage Class Code

10 - Combustible liquids

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

390.2 °F - Pensky-Martens closed cup

Flash Point(C)

199 °C - Pensky-Martens closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificates of Analysis (COA)

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25G
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705578-5MG-PW

PL860-CGA/SHF-1EA

MMYOMAG-74K-13

1000309185

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Nafiseh Masoumi et al.
Journal of biomedical materials research. Part A, 101(1), 104-114 (2012-07-25)
Microfabricated poly(glycerol sebacate) (PGS) scaffolds may be applicable to tissue engineering heart valve leaflets by virtue of their controllable microstructure, stiffness, and elasticity. In this study, PGS scaffolds were computationally designed and microfabricated by laser ablation to match the anisotropy
The mechanism of the protective action of glycerol against haemolysis by freezing and thawing.
J E LOVELOCK
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 11(1), 28-36 (1953-05-01)
Benoît Ranchoux et al.
The American journal of pathology, 185(2), 356-371 (2014-12-17)
Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease (PVOD) is an uncommon form of pulmonary hypertension (PH) characterized by progressive obstruction of small pulmonary veins and a dismal prognosis. Limited case series have reported a possible association between different chemotherapeutic agents and PVOD. We evaluated
Shelley L Forrest et al.
The Journal of comparative neurology, 522(17), 3900-3927 (2014-07-22)
Artemin is a member of the glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) family that has been strongly implicated in development and regeneration of autonomic nerves and modulation of nociception. Whereas other members of this family (GDNF and neurturin) primarily target
Tian Qiu et al.
Nature communications, 5, 5119-5119 (2014-11-05)
Biological microorganisms swim with flagella and cilia that execute nonreciprocal motions for low Reynolds number (Re) propulsion in viscous fluids. This symmetry requirement is a consequence of Purcell's scallop theorem, which complicates the actuation scheme needed by microswimmers. However, most

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