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B5887

Sigma-Aldrich

Sodium butyrate

≥98.5% (GC)

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Synonym(s):
Butyric acid sodium salt
Linear Formula:
CH3CH2CH2COONa
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
110.09
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
3629439
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.25

biological source

synthetic (organic)

Quality Level

assay

≥98.5% (GC)

form

powder

storage condition

(Tightly closed. Dry.
Keep in a dry place. )

technique(s)

DNA amplification: suitable
cell based assay: suitable
inhibition assay: suitable

color

white

mp

250-253 °C (lit.)

solubility

water: 100 mg/mL, clear to slightly hazy, colorless

cation traces

Na: 19.8-22.0% (anhydrous)

suitability

suitable for DNA precipitation

application(s)

cell analysis
life science and biopharma
lipidomics

storage temp.

room temp

SMILES string

[Na+].CCCC([O-])=O

InChI

1S/C4H8O2.Na/c1-2-3-4(5)6;/h2-3H2,1H3,(H,5,6);/q;+1/p-1

InChI key

MFBOGIVSZKQAPD-UHFFFAOYSA-M

Gene Information

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Application

Sodium butyrate has been used:
  • as a component in homogenization and immunoprecipitation buffer for HDAC inhibition in fly embryos and insect s2 cells.
  • as histone deacetylase inhibitor in breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231, analysed by cell viability assay and viral replication assay.
  • to enhance the production of recombinant tissue-plasminogen activator (t-PA) in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells in a bioreactor.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Sodium butyrate is a short-chain fatty acid that inhibits histone deacetylase (HDAC) in the millimolar range. Decreases Ca2+ release from intracellular stores. Induces apoptosis in several cell lines. Sodium butyrate induces the production of recombinant protein in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells and other human cell lines. Sodium butyrate affects the proteome and gene expression pathways in the cells. It represses cell cycle related genes and modifies the genes involved in cell metabolism and apoptosis.

Caution

Hygroscopic

Other Notes

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pictograms

Exclamation mark

signalword

Warning

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Eye Irrit. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2

Storage Class

11 - Combustible Solids

wgk_germany

WGK 1

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable

ppe

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves


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