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K1637

Sigma-Aldrich

Kanamycin sulfate from Streptomyces kanamyceticus

meets USP testing specifications, powder

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Synonym(s):
Kanamycin A, Kanamycin sulfate salt
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C18H36N4O11 · H2O4S
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
582.58
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.76

biological source

Streptomyces kanamyceticus

Quality Level

Agency

USP/NF
meets USP testing specifications

form

powder

potency

≥750 μg per mg

storage condition

(Tightly closed. Dry. Keep in a well -ventilated place. Keep locked up or in an area accessible )

solubility

H2O: 10-50 mg/mL (As a stock solution. Stock solutions should be stored at 2-8°C. Stable at 37°C for 5 days.)

antibiotic activity spectrum

Gram-negative bacteria
Gram-positive bacteria
mycobacteria
mycoplasma

application(s)

pharmaceutical (small molecule)

Mode of action

protein synthesis | interferes

SMILES string

OS(O)(=O)=O.NC[C@H]1O[C@H](O[C@@H]2[C@@H](N)C[C@@H](N)[C@H](O[C@H]3O[C@H](CO)[C@@H](O)[C@H](N)[C@H]3O)[C@H]2O)[C@H](O)[C@@H](O)[C@@H]1O

InChI

1S/C18H36N4O11.H2O4S/c19-2-6-10(25)12(27)13(28)18(30-6)33-16-5(21)1-4(20)15(14(16)29)32-17-11(26)8(22)9(24)7(3-23)31-17;1-5(2,3)4/h4-18,23-29H,1-3,19-22H2;(H2,1,2,3,4)/t4-,5+,6-,7-,8+,9-,10-,11-,12+,13-,14-,15+,16-,17-,18-;/m1./s1

InChI key

OOYGSFOGFJDDHP-KMCOLRRFSA-N

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1 of 4

This Item
K4000K1377PHR1487
Kanamycin Sulfate Pharmaceutical Secondary Standard; Certified Reference Material

Supelco

PHR1487

Kanamycin Sulfate

-
form

powder

form

powder

form

powder

form

-

potency

≥750 μg per mg

potency

≥750 μg per mg (dry basis)

potency

≥750 μg per mg (dry basis)

potency

-

storage condition

(Tightly closed. Dry. Keep in a well -ventilated place. Keep locked up or in an area accessible )

storage condition

(Tightly closed. Dry. Keep in a well -ventilated place. Keep locked up or in an area accessible )

storage condition

-

storage condition

-

solubility

H2O: 10-50 mg/mL (As a stock solution. Stock solutions should be stored at 2-8°C. Stable at 37°C for 5 days.)

solubility

H2O: 50 mg/mL, clear, colorless to faintly yellow

solubility

H2O: 10-50 mg/mL (As a stock solution. Stock solutions should be stored at 2-8°C. Stable at 37°C for 5 days.)

solubility

-

antibiotic activity spectrum

Gram-negative bacteria, Gram-positive bacteria, mycobacteria, mycoplasma

antibiotic activity spectrum

Gram-negative bacteria, Gram-positive bacteria, mycobacteria, mycoplasma

antibiotic activity spectrum

Gram-negative bacteria, Gram-positive bacteria, mycobacteria, mycoplasma

antibiotic activity spectrum

-

General description

Kanamycin Sulfate is a broad spectrum aminoglycoside-antibiotic purified from the bacterium Streptomyces kanamyceticus. Kanamycin Sulfate is a selection agent for cells in culture media and acts by binding to the 30S subunit of the bacterial ribosome which inhibits protein synthesis in susceptible bacteria.

Application

Kanamycin sulfate is used as an additive in culture media for the isolation of group D streptococci on Kanamycin Esculin Azide Agar and for selection of transformed plant cells containing the neomycin phosphotransferase on a kanamycin-medium. Kanamycin sulfate can also be used as a selection agent for cells transformed with kanamycin B resistance gene. It is recommended for use in cell culture applications at 100 μg/mL. Kanamycin sulfate from Streptomyces kanamyceticus has been used: in the research of cell type-specific expression of genes

Biochem/physiol Actions

Mode of Action: The product acts by binding to the 70S ribosomal subunit, inhibiting translocation and eliciting miscoding.

Mode of Resistance:Aminoglycoside-modifying enzymes (including acetyltransferase, phosphotransferase, nucleotidyltransferase) can alter this antibiotic, preventing its interaction with ribosomes.

Antimicrobial spectrum: Kanamycin sulfate is effective against gram-negative and gram-postiive bacteria, and mycoplasma.

Features and Benefits

  • High quality antibiotic suitable for mulitple research applications
  • meets USP testing specifications

Preparation Note

Kanamycin sulfate is soluble in water at 50 mg/mL, yielding a clear solution. It is practically insoluble in alcohol, acetone, chloroform, ether and ethyl acetate. A 1% solution in water has a pH of 6.5 to 8.5. Sterile solutions can be prepared by a sterile filtration, through a .2μm filter.

Solutions are stable at 37°C for approximately 5 days. Aqueous stock solutions can be stored at 2-8°C for long term storage.

Pictograms

Health hazard

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Precautionary Statements

Hazard Classifications

Repr. 1B

Storage Class Code

6.1D - Non-combustible, acute toxic Cat.3 / toxic hazardous materials or hazardous materials causing chronic effects

WGK

WGK 2

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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