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208582

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Molecular sieves, 3 Å

beads, 8-12 mesh

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Synonym(s):
Molecular Sieve UOP Type 3Å
Linear Formula:
KnNa12-n[(AlO2)12(SiO2)12] · xH2O
CAS Number:
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
32110204
NACRES:
NB.24

form

beads

Quality Level

particle size

8-12 mesh

pore size

3 Å

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This Item
208620208574334286
vibrant-m

208582

Molecular sieves, 3 Å

vibrant-m

208620

Molecular sieves, 5 Å

vibrant-m

208574

Molecular sieves, 3 Å

vibrant-m

334286

Molecular sieves, 3 Å

particle size

8-12 mesh

particle size

8-12 mesh

particle size

4-8 mesh

particle size

1.6 mm

form

beads

form

beads

form

beads

form

pellets

Quality Level

100

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

100

Quality Level

100

General description

Choosing a Molecular Sieve:
1. The preferential adsorption of one molecule over another depends upon pore diameter and mesh size.
2. The dynamic capacity of the silica gel for adsorbing a particular compound is governed by the internal surface area; the greater the surface area, the greater the dynamic capacity.
3. Rate of adsorption and sharpness of resolution are dependent chiefly on particle size and column packing; a fine particle size gives optimum sharpness of resolution.
4. Liquids are most readily adsorbed from solvents in which they are least soluble; a good solvent makes a good desorbing agent.
5. Highly polar liquids are readily adsorbed. Compounds having hydroxyl groups, or containing oxygen are strongly adsorbed.
6. For similar compounds, the higher the molecular weight the higher the selectivity.
7. For hydrocarbons of similar molecular weight, adsorptivity increases with the number of double bonds.
Molecular sieves are crystalline metal aluminosilicates having a three-dimensional interconnecting network of silica and alumina tetrahedra. Natural water of hydration is removed from this network by heating to produce uniform cavities which selectively adsorb molecules of a specific size. The 3A form is made by substituting potassium cations for the inherent sodium ions of the 4A structure, reducing the effective pore size to ~3Å, excluding molecules of diameter >3Å (for example: ethane). The 8 to 12-mesh type is common in liquid-phase applications. Molecular sieves are considered a universal drying agent in polar and nonpolar media.
Molecular sieves, 3Å is a UOP-type zeolite 3Å.It is widely employed as a sorbent.
Regeneration or Activation:
A saturated molecular sieve can be restored to its original capacity by regeneration, the principle of which involves changing the conditions surrounding the adsorbent to correspond to a very low equilibrium capacity. In general, the greater the difference between the equilibrium capacities of adsorption and regeneration, the more rapid and complete the regeneration.
The sieve may be regenerated in one of four ways:
1. Thermal reactivation –The maximum regeneration temperature for Silica is 300°C.
2. Pressure reactivation
3. Passing an appropriate fluid through the gel bed at normal temperature and pressure.
4. Displacement of adsorbates by passing a high concentration of molecules in a fluid through the bed.
The kinetics of the adsorption of water-vapor by employing molecular sieve 3Å has been studied in various temperature ranges (25-80°C and water dew points from -69 to 17°C).

Application

Molecular sieves, 3 Å may be used in the following processes:
  • Commercial dehydration of unsaturated hydrocarbon streams, including cracked gas, propylene, butadiene, acetylene.
  • Drying polar liquids such as methanol and ethanol.
  • Adsorption of molecules such as ammonia and water from a N2/H2 flow.

Storage Class

11 - Combustible Solids

wgk_germany

WGK 3

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable


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Kinetics of water vapor adsorption on single-layer molecular sieve 3A: Experiments and modeling.
Lin R, et al.
Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 53(41), 16015-16024 (2014)
Adsorption of H2O and dimethyl carbonate at high pressure over zeolite 3A in fixed bed column
Santos, Bruno AV, et al.
Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 53.6, 2473-2483 (2014)

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