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30315

Sigma-Aldrich

Potassium iodide

puriss. p.a., reag. ISO, reag. Ph. Eur., ≥99.0%

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Linear Formula:
KI
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
166.00
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

agency

USP/NF
reag. ISO
reag. Ph. Eur.

Quality Level

vapor pressure

1 mmHg ( 745 °C)

description

REDUCING SUBSTANCES complying

grade

puriss. p.a.

assay

≥99.0%
99.0-100.5% (calc. to the dried substance)

form

solid

impurities

≤0.0005% heavy metals (as Pb)
≤0.001% total nitrogen (N)
≤0.005% thiosulfate (S2O3)
≤0.02% free alkali (as KOH)

loss

≤0.5% loss on drying, 105 °C

pH

6.0-8.0 (20 °C, 5%)

mp

681 °C (lit.)

anion traces

bromide, chloride (as Cl-): ≤100 mg/kg
iodate (IO3-): ≤2 mg/kg
phosphate (PO43-): ≤10 mg/kg
sulfate (SO42-): ≤10 mg/kg

cation traces

As: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Ba: ≤20 mg/kg
Ca: ≤10 mg/kg
Fe: ≤3 mg/kg
Mg: ≤10 mg/kg
Na: ≤300 mg/kg

SMILES string

[K+].[I-]

InChI

1S/HI.K/h1H;/q;+1/p-1

InChI key

NLKNQRATVPKPDG-UHFFFAOYSA-M

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This Item
03124221945PHR1360
Potassium iodide puriss. p.a., reag. ISO, reag. Ph. Eur., ≥99.0%

30315

Potassium iodide

-
Potassium iodide puriss., meets analytical specification of Ph. Eur. BP, USP, 99.0-100.5% (calc. to the dried substance)

03124

Potassium iodide

Essential Grade
Potassium iodide ACS reagent, ≥99.0%

221945

Potassium iodide

Essential Grade
Potassium Iodide Pharmaceutical Secondary Standard; Certified Reference Material

PHR1360

Potassium Iodide

-
assay

≥99.0%, 99.0-100.5% (calc. to the dried substance)

assay

99.0-100.5% (calc. to the dried substance)

assay

≥99.0%

assay

-

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

300

grade

puriss. p.a.

grade

puriss.

grade

-

grade

-

pH

6.0-8.0 (20 °C, 5%)

pH

~6.9 (20 °C, 50 g/L)

pH

6.0-9.2 (25 °C, 5%)

pH

-

impurities

≤0.0005% heavy metals (as Pb), ≤0.005% thiosulfate (S2O3), ≤0.001% total nitrogen (N), ≤0.02% free alkali (as KOH)

impurities

ammonium, in accordance, organic volatile impurities, complies (GC), residual solvents, in accordance, ≤0.001% heavy metals (as Pb), ≤0.01% thiosulfate (S2O3), ≤0.02% free alkali (as KOH)

impurities

≤0.001% N compounds, ≤0.005% insolubles

impurities

-

General description

Potassium iodide (KI) is a chemical compound that can be used as an iodide ion source for nucleophilic displacement reactions. During the electrochemical oxidation of aldehydes, it acts as a mediator. In the presence of an acid, it can cleave some ethers. KI can iodinate aromatic and organothallium compounds in the presence of an oxidizing agent. Additionally, it can form symmetrical thiosulfonic S-esters by reacting with sulfonyl chlorides.

Application

Potassium iodide is used as:
  • An iodine source in the synthesis of 1-iodoalkynes and iodophenols from alkynes and phenols using tert-butyl hydroperoxide (TBHP) as oxidant.
  • A catalyst in the synthesis of sulfonated oxindoles by arylsulfonylation of activated alkenes using sulfonylhydrazides as sulfonyl precursor, and water as solvent.
  • An oxidative degradation inhibitor to reduces oxidative degradation of monoethanolamine (MEA).

pictograms

Health hazard

signalword

Danger

hcodes

Hazard Classifications

STOT RE 1 Oral

target_organs

Thyroid

Storage Class

6.1D - Non-combustible, acute toxic Cat.3 / toxic hazardous materials or hazardous materials causing chronic effects

wgk_germany

WGK 3

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable


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A simple color spot test for determining the presence of residual tetrabutylammonium (TBA) in various 18F-radiopharmaceuticals is described. The test can be performed in less than five minutes. Iodoplatinate-saturated TLC plates are initially spotted with the 18F-radiopharmaceutical to be tested
Y Miyachi et al.
The British journal of dermatology, 107(2), 209-214 (1982-08-01)
The effects of potassium iodide, colchicine and dapsone on the in vitro generation of polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN)-derived oxygen intermediates were investigated. These three drugs have beneficial effects on those conditions in which PMNs play an important pathogenetic role. Three oxygen
H B Li et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 918(2), 335-339 (2001-06-16)
A novel method for the determination of iodide by size exclusion chromatography was established. The method was simple and highly sensitive with good precision. Iodide was converted to iodine, then sequestered with starch, and separated from the matrix using a
Alumina-supported potassium iodide as a heterogeneous catalyst for biodiesel production from soybean oil.
Xie W and Li H.
J. Mol. Catal. A: Chem., 255(1), 1-9 (2006)
V Witko-Sarsat et al.
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 161(5), 2524-2532 (1998-09-02)
We previously demonstrated the presence of advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP), a novel marker of oxidative stress in the plasma of uremic patients receiving maintenance dialysis. The present study in a cohort of 162 uremic patients showed that plasma concentrations

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