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32213

Sigma-Aldrich

Methanol

puriss. p.a., ACS reagent, reag. ISO, reag. Ph. Eur., ≥99.8% (GC)

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Synonym(s):
Methyl alcohol
Linear Formula:
CH3OH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
32.04
Beilstein:
1098229
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.05

grade

ACS reagent
puriss. p.a.

Quality Level

Agency

USP/NF
reag. ISO
reag. Ph. Eur.

vapor density

1.11 (vs air)

vapor pressure

410 mmHg ( 50 °C)
97.68 mmHg ( 20 °C)

Assay

≥99.8% (GC)

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

725 °F

expl. lim.

36 %

technique(s)

immunofluorescence: suitable

impurities

≤0.00005% free alkali (as NH3)
≤0.0001% formaldehyde
≤0.00025% KMnO4 red. matter (as O)
≤0.0005% non-volatile matter
≤0.001% acetaldehyde
≤0.001% acetone (GC)
≤0.05% water (Karl Fischer)
≤0.1% ethanol (GC)

refractive index

n20/D 1.329 (lit.)

bp

64.7 °C (lit.)

mp

−98 °C (lit.)

density

0.791 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤0.5 mg/kg
sulfate (SO42-): ≤1 mg/kg

cation traces

Al: ≤0.5 mg/kg
B: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Ba: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Bi: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Ca: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Cd: ≤0.05 mg/kg
Co: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Cr: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Cu: ≤0.01 mg/kg
Fe: ≤0.1 mg/kg
K: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Li: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Mg: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Mn: ≤0.01 mg/kg
Mo: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Na: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Ni: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Pb: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Sn: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Sr: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Zn: ≤0.1 mg/kg

SMILES string

CO

format

neat

InChI

1S/CH4O/c1-2/h2H,1H3

InChI key

OKKJLVBELUTLKV-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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This Item
179337322415179957
Methanol puriss. p.a., ACS reagent, reag. ISO, reag. Ph. Eur., ≥99.8% (GC)

Sigma-Aldrich

32213

Methanol

Essential Grade
Methanol ACS reagent, ≥99.8%

Sigma-Aldrich

179337

Methanol

Essential Grade
Methanol anhydrous, 99.8%

Sigma-Aldrich

322415

Methanol

-
Methanol Laboratory Reagent, ≥99.6%

Sigma-Aldrich

179957

Methanol

-
vapor density

1.11 (vs air)

vapor density

1.11 (vs air)

vapor density

1.11 (vs air)

vapor density

1.11 (vs air)

vapor pressure

410 mmHg ( 50 °C), 97.68 mmHg ( 20 °C)

vapor pressure

410 mmHg ( 50 °C), 97.68 mmHg ( 20 °C)

vapor pressure

410 mmHg ( 50 °C), 97.68 mmHg ( 20 °C)

vapor pressure

410 mmHg ( 50 °C), 97.68 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

≥99.8% (GC)

assay

≥99.8%

assay

99.8%

assay

≥99.6%

form

liquid

form

liquid

form

liquid

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

725 °F

autoignition temp.

725 °F

autoignition temp.

725 °F

autoignition temp.

725 °F

General description

Methanol is an organic solvent that can be synthesized from syngas in the presence of CuO/ZnO/Al2O3 catalysts. It is an ideal candidate as a hydrogen source in fuel cell technology due to its high H/C ratio, low propensity for soot generation, relatively low reforming temperature and as it exists in liquid state at room temperature. In a direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC), methanol undergoes oxidation with air to generate electricity. The olefins (ethylene or propylene) formed from methanol via MTO (methanol-to-olefins) process, can be an alternate to oil and gas to produce hydrocarbon fuels.
Thermochemical conversion of methanol to C2-C10 hydrocarbons in the presence of shape-selective zeolites has been reported. Its oxidation on Ru-Pt catalyst system by ruthenium ad-atoms has been proposed.

Application

Methanol was used in the following studies:
  • Colony forming unit-fibroblast assay of bone marrow mononuclear cells.
  • As solvent for the preparation of extracts of hyphae of Aspergillus for the estimation of gliotoxin by reversed phase-HPLC.
  • Immunofluorescence studies.

Packaging

In PE-bottles; also available Glass-bottles (Material no. ending with *-GL)

Other Notes

The article number 32213-4X2.5L will be discontinued. Please order the single bottle 32213-2.5L which is physically identical with the same exact specifications.
The article number 32213-4X2.5L-M will be discontinued. Please order the single bottle 32213-2.5L-M which is physically identical with the same exact specifications.
The article number 32213-4X5L will be discontinued. Please order the single bottle 32213-5L which is physically identical with the same exact specifications.
The article number 32213-6X1L will be discontinued. Please order the single bottle 32213-1L which is physically identical with the same exact specifications.

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 3 Dermal - Acute Tox. 3 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 3 Oral - Flam. Liq. 2 - STOT SE 1

Storage Class Code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

49.5 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

9.7 °C - closed cup


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Catalytic carbon dioxide hydrogenation to methanol: A review of recent studies.
Jadhav SG, et al.
Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 92(11), 2557-2567 (2014)
Beyond oil and gas: the methanol economy.
Olah GA.
Angewandte Chemie (International Edition in English), 44(18), 2636-2639 (2005)
Review of methanol reforming-Cu-based catalysts, surface reaction mechanisms, and reaction schemes.
Yong ST, et al.
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 38(22), 9541-9552 (2013)
Methanol steam reforming for hydrogen generation via conventional and membrane reactors: a review.
Iulianelli A, et al.
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 29, 355-368 (2014)
Emer P Reeves et al.
Mycopathologia, 158(1), 73-79 (2004-10-19)
Aspergillus fumigatus is a pathogenic fungus capable of causing both allergic lung disease and invasive aspergillosis, a serious, life-threatening condition in neutropenic patients. Aspergilli express an array of mycotoxins and enzymes which may facilitate fungal colonisation of host tissue. In

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