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472301

Sigma-Aldrich

Dimethyl sulfoxide

ACS reagent, ≥99.9%

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Synonym(s):
DMSO
Linear Formula:
(CH3)2SO
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
78.13
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
506008
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

grade

ACS reagent

Quality Level

vapor density

2.7 (vs air)

vapor pressure

0.42 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

≥99.9%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

573 °F

expl. lim.

42 %, 63 °F

impurities

≤0.001 meq/g Titr. acid
≤0.1% water

evapn. residue

≤0.01%

color

clear colorless

refractive index

n20/D 1.479 (lit.)

bp

189 °C (lit.)

mp

16-19 °C (lit.)

density

1.10 g/mL (lit.)

SMILES string

CS(C)=O

InChI

1S/C2H6OS/c1-4(2)3/h1-2H3

InChI key

IAZDPXIOMUYVGZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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1 of 4

This Item
MX145841640D1435
vibrant-m

472301

Dimethyl sulfoxide

Essential Grade
vibrant-m

MX1458

Dimethyl sulfoxide

-
vibrant-m

41640

Dimethyl sulfoxide

Essential Grade
vibrant-m

D1435

Dimethyl sulfoxide

-
grade

ACS reagent

grade

-

grade

ACS reagent, puriss. p.a.

grade

-

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

300

Quality Level

200

impurities

≤0.001 meq/g Titr. acid, ≤0.1% water

impurities

≤0.001 meq/g Titrable acid, ≤0.1% Water (H2O)

impurities

≤0.001% free acid (as CH3COOH), ≤0.1% water

impurities

≤0.1% water (Karl Fischer, USP), ≤0.2% water (Karl Fischer, EP)

vapor pressure

0.42 mmHg ( 20 °C)

vapor pressure

0.42 mmHg ( 20 °C)

vapor pressure

0.42 mmHg ( 20 °C)

vapor pressure

0.42 mmHg ( 20 °C)

bp

189 °C (lit.)

bp

189 °C (lit.)

bp

189 °C (lit.)

bp

189 °C (lit.)

General description

Dimethyl sulfoxide is an organosulfur, commonly used as a polar solvent that can dissolve a wide range of polar and non-polar compounds. It is also utilized as a reaction reagent in several well-known processes, including swern oxidation, 2a pfitzner-moffatt oxidation, 2b, and the corey-chaykovsky reaction.

Application

Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) has been used:
  • in the preparation of ethyl 4-[18F]fluorobenzoate.
  • in the culture medium for 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay.
  • as a solvent in chemical synthesis.
  • to dissolve and prepare stock solutions of small molecules, drugs, and chemical compounds for various assays and experiments.

Caution

Supercools easily and remelts slowly at room temperature. Solidified product can be re-liquified by warming to room temperature without detriment to the product.

Other Notes

For information on dimethyl sulfoxide miscibility, please visit the following link:
Dimethyl Sulfoxide Miscibility/Immiscibility Table

Storage Class

10 - Combustible liquids

wgk_germany

WGK 1

flash_point_f

188.6 °F - closed cup

flash_point_c

87 °C - closed cup


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Richard P J, et al.
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 45, 1784-1786 (1997)
The applications of dimethyl sulfoxide as reagent in organic synthesis
Xiao-Feng W, et al.
Advanced Synthesis & Catalysis, 358, 336-352 (2016)
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Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE, (52)(52), doi:10-doi:10 (2011-07-07)
Biomolecules, including peptides¹⁻⁹, proteins¹⁰⁻¹¹, and antibodies and their engineered fragments¹²⁻¹⁴, are gaining importance as both potential therapeutics and molecular imaging agents. Notably, when labeled with positron-emitting radioisotopes (e.g., Cu-64, Ga-68, or F-18), they can be used as probes for targeted
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EVI1 is a nuclear zinc finger protein essential to normal development, which participates in acute myeloid leukaemia progression and transforms Rat1 fibroblasts. In this study we show that enforced expression of Evi1 in Rat1 fibroblasts protects from paclitaxel-induced apoptosis, consistent
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Articles

Substances are said to be miscible in one another if they dissolve to form a uniform solution. Bookmark or download our miscibility table for common lab solvents.

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