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676780

Sigma-Aldrich

Methanol

ACS reagent, ≥99.8%

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Synonym(s):
Methyl alcohol
Linear Formula:
CH3OH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
32.04
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
1098229
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.05

grade

ACS reagent

vapor density

1.11 (vs air)

vapor pressure

410 mmHg ( 50 °C)
97.68 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

≥99.8%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

725 °F

expl. lim.

36 %

technique(s)

HPLC: suitable

impurities

H2SO4, passes test (darkened)
MnO4- reducers, passes test
≤0.0002 meq/g Titr. base
≤0.0003 meq/g Titr. acid
≤0.001% acetaldehyde
≤0.001% acetone
≤0.001% formaldehyde
≤0.1% Water

evapn. residue

≤0.001%

color

clear
APHA: ≤10

refractive index

n20/D 1.329 (lit.)

bp

64.7 °C (lit.)

mp

−98 °C (lit.)

solubility

benzene: miscible(lit.)
ethanol: miscible(lit.)
water: miscible(lit.)

density

0.791 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

format

neat

SMILES string

CO

InChI

1S/CH4O/c1-2/h2H,1H3

InChI key

OKKJLVBELUTLKV-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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1 of 4

This Item
320390646377494437
vibrant-m

676780

Methanol

Essential Grade
vibrant-m

320390

Methanol

Essential Grade
vibrant-m

646377

Methanol

-
vibrant-m

494437

Methanol

Essential+ Grade
Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

100

Quality Level

100

grade

ACS reagent

grade

ACS reagent

grade

HPLC Plus

grade

-

assay

≥99.8%

assay

≥99.8%

assay

≥99.9%

assay

≥99.93%

vapor density

1.11 (vs air)

vapor density

1.11 (vs air)

vapor density

1.11 (vs air)

vapor density

1.11 (vs air)

density

0.791 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

density

0.791 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

density

0.791 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

density

0.791 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

General description

Methanol (MeOH) is an organic solvent with a wide range of industrial applications. It is the main component of lithium batteries. It can be prepared by hydrogenation of CO2 under various conditions. MeOH is a toxic alcohol employed for denaturing ethyl alcohol. A study reports the preparation of biodiesel from canola oil using methanol under supercritical conditions.
Methanol is an alcohol. Its thermochemical conversion to C2-C10 hydrocarbons in the presence of shape-selective zeolites has been reported. Its oxidation on Ru-Pt catalyst system by ruthenium ad-atoms has been proposed.

Application

Methanol has been used during colony-forming unit (CFU) assay and histochemical staining.
Methanol may be used as:
  • A solvent for cleaning the coverslips before silanization for DNA combing.
  • An additive to improve the octane number of gasoline.
  • A liquid fuel in direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs).
  • A solvent to synthesize methyl levulinate by acid catalyzed conversion of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) and furfuryl alcohol (FA).
  • A reactant to prepare dimethylcarbonate by reacting with CO2 in the presence of graphene oxide-bound octahedral molybdenum cluster (GO-Cs2Mo6Bri8Bra6).
Methanol may be used for the sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoretic (SDS-PAGE) analysis of alkaline protease isoforms isolated from larva of the spotted sand bass (Paralabrax maculatofasciatus). It may be used in the isolation and quantitative determination of carotenes and xanthophylls from Capsicum annum pericarp extracts by HPLC.

signalword

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 3 Dermal - Acute Tox. 3 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 3 Oral - Flam. Liq. 2 - STOT SE 1

Storage Class

3 - Flammable liquids

wgk_germany

WGK 2

flash_point_f

49.5 °F - closed cup

flash_point_c

9.7 °C - closed cup


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Octane Rating of Gasoline and Octane Booster Additives.
Demirbas A, et al.
Petroleum Science and Technology, 33(11), 1190-1197 (2015)
Upgrading biomass-derived furans via acid-catalysis/hydrogenation: the remarkable difference between water and methanol as the solvent.
Hu X, et al.
Green Chemistry, 17(1), 219-224 (2015)
Silanization of coverslips for DNA combing.
Labit H, et al.
Biotechniques, 11, 50-50 (2009)
Subodh Kumar et al.
Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany), 21(8), 3488-3494 (2014-12-30)
The octahedral molybdenum cluster-based compound, Cs2 Mo6 Br(i) 8 Br(a) 6 was immobilized on graphene oxide (GO) by using a facile approach. High resolution transmission electron microscopy results revealed that molybdenum clusters were uniformly distributed on the GO nanosheets. Cs2
Development of digestive enzyme activity in larvae of spotted sand bass Paralabrax maculatofasciatus II: electrophoretic analysis.
Alvarez-Gonzalez CA, et al.
Fish Physiology and Biochemistry, 36(1), 29-37 (2010)

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