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73036

Sigma-Aldrich

Lithium chloride

puriss. p.a., anhydrous, ≥99.0% (AT)

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Linear Formula:
LiCl
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
42.39
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

vapor pressure

1.33 hPa ( 547 °C)

grade

puriss. p.a.

assay

≥99.0% (AT)

form

powder or crystals

loss

<1% loss on drying, 110°C

pH

5.5-7.5 (25 °C, 50 mg/mL in H2O)

mp

605 °C (lit.)

anion traces

sulfate (SO42-): ≤50 mg/kg

cation traces

Ba: ≤10 mg/kg
Ca: ≤20 mg/kg
Cd: ≤5 mg/kg
Co: ≤5 mg/kg
Cr: ≤5 mg/kg
Cu: ≤5 mg/kg
Fe: ≤5 mg/kg
K: ≤50 mg/kg
Mg: ≤5 mg/kg
Mn: ≤5 mg/kg
Na: ≤50 mg/kg
Ni: ≤10 mg/kg
Pb: ≤5 mg/kg
Zn: ≤5 mg/kg

SMILES string

[Li+].[Cl-]

InChI

1S/ClH.Li/h1H;/q;+1/p-1

InChI key

KWGKDLIKAYFUFQ-UHFFFAOYSA-M

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1 of 4

This Item
310468L965062476
vibrant-m

73036

Lithium chloride

-
vibrant-m

310468

Lithium chloride

-
vibrant-m

L9650

Lithium chloride

-
vibrant-m

62476

Lithium chloride

Premium Grade
form

powder or crystals

form

crystalline powder, powder, crystals or granules

form

powder

form

powder or crystals

assay

≥99.0% (AT)

assay

≥99%

assay

≥99%

assay

≥99.0% (AT)

vapor pressure

1.33 hPa ( 547 °C)

vapor pressure

-

vapor pressure

-

vapor pressure

-

pH

5.5-7.5 (25 °C, 50 mg/mL in H2O)

pH

6

pH

-

pH

5.0-7.5 (25 °C, 1 M in H2O)

grade

puriss. p.a.

grade

-

grade

-

grade

-

General description

Lithium chloride (LiCl) is a lithium salt. It participates in the Horner-Wadsworth-Emmons reactions of base-sensitive aldehydes and phosphonates. LiCl/N,N-Dimethylacetamide (DMAc) solvent system has been employed for the dissolution of cellulose and synthesis of various cellulose derivatives (cellulose esters, carbamates, sulfonates and ethers). It can be synthesized from lithium carbonate (Li2CO3).

Application

Lithium chloride (LiCl) may be used in the synthesis of lithium perchlorate by reacting with perchloric acid.

pictograms

Exclamation mark

signalword

Warning

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Eye Irrit. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2

Storage Class

13 - Non Combustible Solids

wgk_germany

WGK 1

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable


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Lithium chloride for analysis EMSURE&#174; ACS,Reag. Ph Eur

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Electrolyte solution nonaqueous, 2&#160;M LiCl in ethanol

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Electrolyte solution

Horner-wadsworth-emmons reaction: Use of lithium chloride and an amine for base-sensitive compounds.
Blanchette MA, et al.
Tetrahedron Letters, 25(21), 2183-2186 (1984)
Derivatization of cellulose in lithium chloride and N-N-dimethylacetamide solutions.
McCormick CL and Callais PA.
Polymer, 28(13), 2317-2323 (1987)
Hart WA, et al.
The Chemistry of Lithium, Sodium, Potassium, Rubidium, Cesium and Francium, 355-355 (1973)
Solution studies of cellulose in lithium chloride and N,N-dimethylacetamide.
McCormick CL, et al.
Macromolecules, 18(12), 2394-2401 (1985)
Eagleson M.
Concise Encyclopedia Chemistry, 605-605 (1994)

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