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30891

Sigma-Aldrich

Biliverdin hydrochloride

≥97.0% (TLC)

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Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C33H34N4O6 · HCl
Molecular Weight:
619.11
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.32

Quality Level

assay

≥97.0% (TLC)

form

powder or crystals

application(s)

metabolomics
vitamins, nutraceuticals, and natural products

storage temp.

−20°C

SMILES string

Cl.CC1=C(C=C)C(\NC1=O)=C\c2[nH]c(/C=C3\N=C(\C=C4/NC(=O)C(C=C)=C4C)C(C)=C3CCC(O)=O)c(CCC(O)=O)c2C

InChI

1S/C33H34N4O6.ClH/c1-7-20-19(6)32(42)37-27(20)14-25-18(5)23(10-12-31(40)41)29(35-25)15-28-22(9-11-30(38)39)17(4)24(34-28)13-26-16(3)21(8-2)33(43)36-26;/h7-8,13-15,35H,1-2,9-12H2,3-6H3,(H,36,43)(H,37,42)(H,38,39)(H,40,41);1H/b26-13-,27-14-,28-15-;

InChI key

KTRFJVRKVQROKS-UJCZHUFNSA-N

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Biliverdin hydrochloride ≥97.0% (TLC)

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Essential Grade
form

powder or crystals

form

buffered aqueous solution

form

powder or crystals

form

powder or crystals

application(s)

metabolomics
vitamins, nutraceuticals, and natural products

application(s)

-

application(s)

-

application(s)

-

Quality Level

100

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

300

storage temp.

−20°C

storage temp.

−20°C

storage temp.

−20°C

storage temp.

-

General description

Biliverdin (BV) is considered as a near-infrared (NIR)-absorbing pigment, that is endogenic. It is a linear tetrapyrrolic intermediate of heme degradation (heme catabolism) to bilirubin. The bile of amphibia and birds contains only biliverdine, no bilirubin.

Application

Biliverdin hydrochloride has been used:
  • as a treatment to J774A.1 cells to study its role in alternation of beta (β)-endorphins level
  • as a commercial standard for the detection of biliverdin in mouse unstable and stable plaques tissues using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS-MS)
  • to add to Fucci-containing cells to improve the mIFP signal
  • to examine its impact on infrared fluorescent protein (iRFP) in some retinal preparations

Biochem/physiol Actions

Biliverdin (BV) is an excellent anti-inflammatory agent that protects against lipopolysaccharides (LPS)-induced lung injury in mouse endothelial cells. It aids protection in polymicrobial sepsis. Biliverdin has cytoprotective effects on rat livers and protects from prolonged ischemia and reperfusion injury. It also shows antioxidant activities.

Packaging

Bottomless glass bottle. Contents are inside inserted fused cone.

pictograms

Exclamation mark

signalword

Warning

Hazard Classifications

Eye Irrit. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT SE 3

target_organs

Respiratory system

Storage Class

11 - Combustible Solids

wgk_germany

WGK 3

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable


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Customers Also Viewed

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1 of 4

T Yoshida et al.
Journal of inorganic biochemistry, 82(1-4), 33-41 (2001-01-02)
Heme oxygenase catalyzes the three step-wise oxidation of hemin to alpha-biliverdin, via alpha-meso-hydroxyhemin, verdoheme, and ferric iron-biliverdin complex. This enzyme is a simple protein which does not have any prosthetic groups. However, heme and its two metabolites, alpha-meso-hydroxyhemin and verdoheme
Marcus Overhaus et al.
American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology, 290(4), G695-G703 (2006-03-16)
Highly inducible heme oxygenase (HO)-1 is protective against acute and chronic inflammation. HO-1 generates carbon monoxide (CO), ferrous iron, and biliverdin. The aim of this study was to investigate the protective effects of biliverdin against sepsis-induced inflammation and intestinal dysmotility.
Elin Claesson et al.
eLife, 9 (2020-04-02)
Phytochrome proteins control the growth, reproduction, and photosynthesis of plants, fungi, and bacteria. Light is detected by a bilin cofactor, but it remains elusive how this leads to activation of the protein through structural changes. We present serial femtosecond X-ray
Marking cells with infrared fluorescent proteins to preserve photoresponsiveness in the retina
Fyk-Kolodziej B, et al.
Biotechniques, 57(5), 245-253 (2014)
Biological implications of heme metabolism.
Sassa, S.
Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition, 38, 138-155 (2006)

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